Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment: scientific articles (9) 14

Other issues of scientific articles
Lithuanian

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Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief
Doc. dr. Romutė Mikučionienė
Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
E-mail: romute.mikucioniene@go.kauko.lt

Editorial Secretary
Erika Jankauskienė
Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
E-mail: deko@go.kauko.lt

Members
Dr. Valerija Baronienė (Dubrava experimental and training forest enterprise)
Prof.dr. (HP) Honorata Danilčenko (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)
Doc.dr. Laimutis Januškevičius (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)
Academic hab.dr. Stasys Karazija (Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
Doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)
Prof. hab. dr. Vida Mildažienė (Vytautas Magnus University)
Prof.dr. (HP) Ona Ragažinskienė (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden)
Dr. (HP) Nobertas Uselis (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
Dr. Regina Vasinauskienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)
Dr. Vilma Kriaučiūnaitė-Neklejonovienė (Kaunas University of Technology)
Doc. dr. Donatas Rekus (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

The scientific articles are reviewed. Authors are responsible for the content of scientific articles.
Publication type: scientific articles

Title: Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment = Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment

Publisher: Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Technologies, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
Pramonės 22, Kaunas, LT-50387
E-mail: deko@go.kauko.lt

ISSN: 2029-1906 (print); ISSN 2335-7282 (online)

Year of publication (volume) issue: 2018 (9) 14

Articles were published online on 15th May 2018
Reference citations: CABI Full Text, EBSCO Publishing.


1.

Title: EFFECTS OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF POTATO TUBERS IN ORGANIC FARMING

Author(s) of article (institution): Auksė Burakova, Eugenija Bakšienė, Almantas Ražukas (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Institute of Horticulture).

Abstract: The article present lysimetric experiment study, in 2017, which set up in Voke branch of Lituanian Agrarian and Forestry Science Center ( LAMMC ). This experiment hold two types of soils: light loam and sandy loam ( Haplic Luvisol ). The main aim is to study and evaluate data on potato tubers harvest and quality in four species of fertilizers: 1) control (no fertilizer); 2) N35P35P35 fertilizer ( Provita, phosphorite powder, potassium magnesia ); 3) 40 t ha-1 sapropel ( S ); 4) 60 t ha-1 manure ( M ).
According to the results of research it was determined that the potatoes commercial harvest ( 35 – 50; 50 – 70; > 70 mm fractions of tubers ) was mainly influenced by fertilizing with the 40 t ha-1 sapropel and 60 t ha-1 manure fertilizer norm. Comercial potato tuber yield increase was 29 – 38 percentages and 52 % biger as with the small ones ( 25 – 30 mm fraction ). Fertilization with all fertilizers in light loam and sandy loam soils increased the potato harvest, but no significant differences were observed. Evaluate the total yield of potato tubers, a substantially higher yield of the crop was in soil with the sapropel and manure fertilizer. The nitrate and nitrogen content, in potato tubers,slightly increased with NPK and sapropel soils. The amount of dry matter, starch, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in potato tubers was not influenced by the variety of inserting fertilizer.

Keywords: organic fertilizer, harvest, potato fraction of tubers

The number of pages: 8.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_7_14.pdf


2.

Title: ETHNOGRAPHIC LITHUANIAN GARDENS PLANTS IN PUNSK REGION.

Author(s) of article (institution): Stasė Dapkūnienė (Plant Gene Bank, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, Botanical Garden of Vilnius University), Irma Maciulevičienė (Veisiejai regional park), Vilija Snieškienė (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden), Jolanta Latvienė (Punsk, Mickevičiaus st 23).

Abstract: 2017 at the Poland-Lithuania border (Punsk waltz) the inventory and description of decorative plants in 7 farmsteads also in the ethnographical Lithuanian museum “The old rectory” and Skansen (Open Air Museum) surroundings were done. It was detected around 60 species plants, which are typical in Dzukija and Suvalkija ethnographical regions. Owners of farmsteads purchase a lot of new plants, which were never grown before and plant them together with traditional flower gardens plants. In Punsk region farmsteads it is typical that some ethnographical plants are being grown in almost all farmsteads.

Keywords: ethnographic gardens plants, Punsk region.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_15_21.pdf


3.

Title: ALLELOPATIC EFFECT OF TRUE HEMP (CANNABIS SATIVA L.) AQUEOUS EXTRACT ON WINTER RAPE (BRASSICA NAPUS L. SSP. BIENNIS) GERMINATION.

Author(s) of article (institution): Regina Malinauskaitė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Agronomy faculty, Institute of Biology and Plant Biotechnology).

Abstract: The experiment was carried out in two stages in laboratory Biology and Plant biotechnology institute Aleksandras Stulginskis University at 2017. Was estabilished on the effects of the aqueous true hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) extracts (50 %, 20 % and 10 % concentration) of winter rape (Brassica napus L. ssp. biennis) seeds germination (germination energy, germination, root and sprouts lengths). Germination energy was determined after 4 days, germination – after 7 days. Extracts produced from: a – Cannabis sativa seeds, b – ground part of the Cannabis sativa plant. Control – distilled water.
It was found that the effect depended not only on extract concentration in the experiment, but also the production part of the plant used (seeds or ground part of the plant). The effect of Cannabis sativa seeds extracts was: 50 % concentration extract inhibited winter rape seed germination energy (68,7 %), sprouts and root elongation. Average height was 21,9 mm and average length 32,6 mm. Seeds germination energy in control variant was 72 %, the average length of the roots was 55,4 mm, the sprouts height – 34,0 mm. All concentrations of the Cannabis sativa extracts increased rape seed germination. The germination of control rape seeds was 78,7 % and in the experiment was 79,3 – 85,0 %.
The effects of the Cannabis sativa plant extract was: all concentrations inhibited rape seeds germination energy (47,8–82,2 %), germination (82,2–89,9 %), roots and sprouts elongation. Average height was 20,3–23,5 mm and length 21,3–50,2 mm. Seeds germination energy in control variant was 91,7 %, germination 93,3 %, the average sprouts height was 24,0 mm, length of the roots – 52,7 mm. 50 % concentration extract had the most (significantly different from control) inhibit effect on the germination and root length

Keywords: Cannabis sativa, rape, germination, allelopathy.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_22_27.pdf


4.

Straipsnio pavadinimas: INVESTIGATION OF TRICHODERMA PERS. EX FR. IN LITHUANIA.

Author(s) of article (institution): Nijolė Maršalkienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University), Šarūnė Savickaitė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University), Antanina Stankevičienė (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden).

Abstract: Trichoderma Pers. ex fr. (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae) is one of the most common microscopic fungi genus in forest and agro ecosystem soils. It is one of the most active plant residue decompose also. Trichoderma fungi abundance is important factors influencing the phytosanitary state of soil. In Lithuania, fungi of Trichoderma genus are distinguished from forest and cultivated field soils, peat substrates and polymeric materials of various chemical composition, made from cellulose, rubber, polyvinylchloride, butadiene. T. viride is the most frequent species of Trichoderma genus in Lithuania. The species T. hamatum, T. harzianum, T. koningii, T. aureoviride, T. polysporum and T. piluliferum are also common. In Lithuania, quite a lot of work was done on the study of the enzymatic activity of these fungi, antibiotic effect on phytopathogens and biodestructive properties. According to research data, Trichoderma is suitable for the remediation of soil, contaminated by oil and oil products, bioconversion of organic substrata such as food and other waste. The results of the research carried out on the Trichoderma suggest, that this is the object of great practical use.

Keywords: Trichoderma, variety, dividers, antagonism, Lithuania.

The number of pages: 9.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_28_36.pdf


5.

Title: THE RESIDUAL IMPACT OF THE FERTILIZATION SYSTEMS ON SOIL PROPERTIES.

Author(s) of article (institution): Romutė Mikučionienė (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies; Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Agronomy).

Abstract: The experiment was carried out in 2016 at the Experimental Station of Aleksandras Stulginskis University on light sandy loam over moraine clay Calc(ar)i-Epihypogleyic Luvisols. The obtained results showed that intensive fertilization effect on the soil density remained optimal from 1.43 to 1.45 Mg m-3. Substantially impact 12.9 mg kg-1 on available phosphorus definition in the plots with average mineral fertilization rate (N79P65K90) on 0–10 cm deep, or fertilized with fertilization medium (N79P65K90) mineral rate and organic-mineral fertilizers (50 t ha-1 manure+ N31P38K75) substantially impact 15.6 to 16.7 mg kg-1 respectively, on 10 – 20 cm depth. Total nitrogen substantial changes (from 0.45 to 0.46 g kg-1) set in the bottom of the plowed layer (10–20 cm) in fertilized small (N31P38K75), organic fertilizer combinations (50 t ha-1 manure + N31P38K75) and fertilized 100 t ha-1 manure once rotation rate. Soil organic carbon changes obtained in organic-mineral fertilization system 14.07 g kg-1 and 13.03 g kg -1 in organic fertilization system (100 t ha-1 manure once rotation).

Keywords: soil bulk density, fertilization, mobile potassium, soil organic carbon.

The number of pages: 8.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_37_44.pdf


 

6.

Title: THE INFLUENCE OF FOLK COSMOLOGY TO THE ARTISTIC COMPOSITIONS OF LITHUANIAN PEASANTS’ SACRAL SPACES.

Author(s) of article (institution): Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies, Environmental Engineering Department).

Abstract: Lately in Lithuanian landscape, the abundance of foreign plants, the lack of stylistic culture, poor environmental care, and the ignorance of human needs destroy the Lithuanian identity of the region (Grecevičius, 2015). However, another phenomenon is noticeable: the rural landscape gradually becomes the object of humanistic scientific attention in the true sense of the word. This is evidenced by the intensified studies of “local anthropology” and publications, interpretations of philologists, philosophers, ethnologists, which should be known also to landscape architects. Modern phenomenological and hermeneutical insights make it possible not only see the landscape as a complex of material objects, but also as a space with associated meanings, experiences and subsistence (Pinavija, 2015).
The article gives a brief overview of the ethnic (natural) culture’s fading causes as well as the new, humanistic point of view on the prospect of research of rural landscape by analysing ethnocultural codes encrypted in the signs and symbols. Introducing the symbolism of cosmological signs in the composition of a peasant flower gardens and its links with folk cosmology. Analysing the protective meaning of cosmological symbols in the flower gardens and the cosmological symbolism in gravestone decoration. Discussing the aspect of the universality of symbolic signs, that are used in various fields of folk art and in different materials. Introducing The theory of the Human Life Circle, which includes factors (incentives), influencing the decor of living quarters and the traditions of landscaping of homesteads.

Keywords: native culture, folk cosmology, artistic decoration, symbolic sign.

The number of pages: 12.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_45_56.pdf


7.

Title: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF PERSPECTIVE SPICES (AROMATIC) PLANTS IN THE SORTIMENTAL PLANTS.

Author(s) of article (institution): Ona Ragažinskienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University; Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Medicine), Sandra Saunoriūtė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University), Erika Šeinauskienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Abstract: Research on the preservation, enhancement and improvement of human health of biodiversity, investigations of medicinal, spice (aromatic) plants have a scientific and practical significance not only in Lithuania, but also in the whole world. These plants are grown in green spaces, decorated with landscapes, used in the food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical industry and medicine.
1997-2017 years, promising medicinal, selected (aromatic) plants: Salvia officinalis L., Origanum vulgare L., Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton, Satureja montana L. In the field of ex situ experimental areas of sector Medicinal and spice plants collections of Botanical Garden at Vytautas Magnus University in the experimental test areas, during the introduction, promising medicines, spices and vinegars were selected on the basis of volatile and non-volatile biologically active compounds. The introduction and their applicability and significance for cultivation in green spaces and their impact on human health have been investigated.
The introduction and their applicability and significance for cultivation in green spaces and their impact on human health have been investigated. These plants are recommended for multiplication, their diversity, growing in gardens, industrial plots and for the development of herbal medicine and for improving public health in Lithuania.
Detail introductions and statistical methods of data analysis revealed that the Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton) transitions the entire period of vegetation to the maturity of the seeds in Lithuanian conditions.

Keywords: spices (aromatic) plants, assortment, human health.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_57_63.pdf



8.

Title: PHYTOSANITARY STATE OF ECHINACEA MOENCH. IN KAUNAS BOTANICAL GARDEN OF VYTAUTAS MAGNUS UNIVERSITY.

Author(s) of article (institution): Vilija Snieškienė, Indrė Lukšytė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Abstract: Echinacea Moench. started growing since 1990 in sector of Floriculture at Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus university. Currently cultivated four species (Echinacea angustifolia, E. pallida, E. purpurea and E. paradoxa) and 49 cultivars of Echinacea. Detected three types of fungi-pathogens: spot disease caused by Septoria sp. and Ascochyta doronici; mildew agent Golovinomyces orontii. The strongest spot disease Septoria sp. damaged Echinacea purpurea ‘Double Decker’ leaves. Fungal diseases didn’t harm much other species and cultivars of Echinacea.

Keywords: Echinacea Moench, fungal diseases, cultivar.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_64_69.pdf



 

9.

Title: THE MONITORING OF THE STATE OF INTRODUCED WOODY PLANTS IN ALYTUS CITY RECREATIONAL GREEN AREAS.

Author(s) of article (institution): Antanina Stankevičienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Abstract: During the state monitoring of introduced woody plants (41 genera, 60 species, 20 cultivars, 1 variety) in 2009–2017 at Alytus city green areas (6 parks, 4 squares) there was established 45% of plants belonging to 27 genera, 33 species, 11 cultivars to be undamaged. Damages of physiological origin (defoliation, dechromation, dry branches) were found a few – on plants of 9 genera, 10 species and 1 variety were found to be injured by 0–1.890,1 grades. 39% of plants belonging to 14 genera, 27 species, 9 cultivars were injured by fungal diseases agents and pests by various grades. 17 genera, 23 species fungal disease agents injured by 0–3 grades and pests of 11 genera and species done damage by strength of 0–2.88 grades. Cameraria ohridella have done the strongest damage on chestnut trees (0.360.06–2.880.1). Injuries had no influence on plant state. These were decorative plants.

Keywords: green areas, woody plants, state, Alytus.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_70_76.pdf


 

10.

Title: TERITORY ARRANGEMENT ASPECTS OF PUBLIC SPACES IN VILLAGES AND RURAL AREAS .

Author(s) of article (institution): Ingrida Adamonytė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, VŪŽF, Institute of Land Management and Geomatics), Vilma Kriaučiūnaitė-Neklejonovienė (Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture; Aleksandras Stulginskis University, VŪŽF, Institute of Land Management and Geomatics), Donatas Rekus (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies); Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture) .

Abstract: Public space – an element of the spatial structure of an urbanized residential area, for the general public’s purposes. Recently, many small towns and cities in Lithuania have started to organize public spaces. The EU allocates funds for improving the quality of life in the villages, for infrastructure development, etc. It was tested nine public spaces of small cities/villages, which are arranged/restored/reconstructed already. Public spaces were assessed by criteria of sustainability and quality. It was improved the public spaces of Raudondvaris town and Kriaunai village: the living environment, the infrastructure, the spaces (polished) designed for recreation, renovated, reconstructed public buildings, etc.

Keywords: public spaces, villages, sustainable development.

The number of pages: 8.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: technology.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_77_84.pdf


 

11.

Title: THE GEODETIC MEASURAMENTS OF THE STATE FORESTRY QUARTERLY NETWORK AND GEOREFERENTIAL BASIC.

Author(s) of article (institution): Aurelijus Živatkauskas (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies, Environmental Engineering Department).

Abstract: The research, based on block network detailed by geodetic measurements is presented. The network is compared with a pre-formed block network, which is registered in the State Forestry Cadaster. The research sets the coordinate differences of intersection points and distances between them referring to georeferenced objects and block lines. The study reveals an average mismatch of coordinates in the X-axis – 3.31 m, and in the Y-axis – 3.77 m, and in the distance difference between the measured and formed points – 5.58 m.
Final paper also analyzes the accuracy of coordinates measured by GPNS devices and the “STATIC” method according to the seasons. The study shows that location accuracy is affected by seasons. When measured on leafless trees, the average coordinate error in X-axis is 0.083 m, and in Y-axis it is 0.058 m; the average altitude error is 0.150 m; and the average distance mismatch is 0.102 m. When measured on leafy trees, the average coordinate error in X-axis is 0.085 m, and in Y-axis it is 0.065 m; the average altitude error is 0.167 m, and the average distance mismatch is 0.108 m.

Keywords: the block network, georeferenced background, geodetic measurements.

The number of pages: 5.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: technology.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2018_85_89.pdf