Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment: scientific articles (10) 15

Other issues of scientific articles
Lithuanian

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Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief
Dr. Dovilė Levickienė
Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
E-mail: dovile.levickiene@go.kauko.lt

Editorial Secretary
Erika Jankauskienė
Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
E-mail: deko@go.kauko.lt

Members
Prof. dr. (HP) Honorata Danilčenko (Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy)
Doc. dr. Jurgita Kulaitienė (Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy)
Doc. dr. Laimutis Januškevičius (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)
Academic hab. dr. Stasys Karazija (Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
Doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)
Prof. hab. dr. Vida Mildažienė (Vytautas Magnus University)
Prof. dr. (HP) Ona Ragažinskienė (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden)
Dr. (HP) Nobertas Uselis (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
Dr. Regina Vasinauskienė (Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy)
Dr. Vilma Kriaučiūnaitė-Neklejonovienė (Kaunas University of Technology)
Doc. dr. Donatas Rekus (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

The scientific articles are reviewed. Authors are responsible for the content of scientific articles.
Publication type: scientific articles

Title: Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment = Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment

Publisher: Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Technologies, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences
Pramonės 22, Kaunas LT-50387
E-mail: deko@go.kauko.lt

ISSN: 2029-1906 (print); ISSN 2335-7282 (online)

Year of publication (volume) issue: 2019 (10) 15

Articles were published online on 15th May 2019
Reference citations: CABI Full Text, EBSCO Publishing.


1.

Title: THE CAUCASIAN FLORA SPECIES IN FLOWER GARDENS OF LITHUANIAN HOMESTEADS

Author(s) of article (institution): Stasė Dapkūnienė (Plant Gene Bank, Botanical Garden of Vilnius University, Vilija Snieškienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University, Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract:
The flower gardens in Lithuanian rural homesteads appear around 16th centuries. Big part of garden plants was introduced plants from monasteries, rectories and manor parks and spread around gardens in villages. In 2016 2018 were inventoried ornamentals and medical/spice plants in 36 old flower gardens of Lithuanian homestead. As the result, there were listed 394 plant species: 130 of them are characteristic for Caucasus flora. The Caucasus region is characterized by a wide variety of climatic conditions, which is related to the number of plants growing in the country and the possibility to establish itself in other countries. About the half (70 species) of listed species are indigenous plants as in Caucasus, as in Lithuania. Others (60 species) are found in Lithuanian flower gardens as introducents from Caucasus from old time.

Keywords: Caucasian flora, flower gardens of Lithuania

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-8-14.pdf


2.

Title: ANALYSIS OF APPLE TREE SPECIES.

Author(s) of article (institution): Donatas Klimavičius (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies)

Abstract: In 2018, the old apple tree varieties were tested and evaluated in the pomological farms situated in Kaunas and Jonava districts, and Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus university. The analysis aimed to update and identify available species of apple trees, assess quality of the fruits and determine the area of cultivation. In the course of the research, the endangered old apple tree cultivar ‘Beržininkų avietinis’ was discovered. A total number of 15 different species were evaluated. Asoluble dry matter content, nitrate content in ml/kg and pH acidity of fruit was identified. Analysing the morphological traits of the fruit, it was determined that ‘Anyžinis kalvinis’, ‘Raudonasis rudeninis kalvinis’ scored maximum points, e.g. 17, ‘Beržininkų avietinis’ scored 16 points. ‘Lietuvos auksinis renetas’ scored 5 points. The highest dry soluble matter content 14.2 per cent was determined in apple tree cultivar ‘Raudonasis rudeninis kalvinis’. The results obtained showed that that highest level of nitrate 242 mg /100 g was accumulated in the apple cultivar ‘Okeris’.

Keywords: cultivar, morphology, introduction.

The number of pages: 9.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-15-23.pdf


3.

Title: RESEARCH ON CARCASS QUALITY OF PIGS GROWN UP IN DIFFERENT FARMS

Author(s) of article (institution): Irina Koscelkovskienė, Inga Pupelienė, Daiva Ribikauskienė, Ina Živatkauskienė (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences), Oksana Kravchenko (Poltava State Agrarian Academy)

Abstract: The analysis of carcass quality data received from the companies classifying pig carcasses was carried out. The data of carcass quality collected in 2016 from eight Lithuanian pig farms (n = 18821) were estimated. The following criteria were applied for the analysis of carcass quality: fat depth (mm), muscle depth, carcass weight and lean meat content according to SEUROP classes. The average fat thickness of pig carcasses was 21.11 mm in all tested farms and the average weight of carcasses was 84.62 per cent. The majority of the estimated pig carcasses were in classes S and E, amounting 87 per cent of the total weight of carcasses. The analysis of carcass quality revealed that majority of the class S carcasses were on farm No. 7 (59.07 per cent), and carcasses of the class E – on farm No. 8 (54.59 per cent). The highest lean meat content was estimated in farm No. 7, which was 1.28 per cent higher in comparison to the total lean meat content of all the farms.

Keywords: pigs, carcasses, carcass quality, carcass classification, SEUROP.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-24-30.pdf


4.

Straipsnio pavadinimas: INFLUENCE CORIANDRUM SATIVUM LEAVES AND INFLUORESCENCES AQUEOUS EXTRACTS ON LENS CULINARIS SEEDS GERMINATION CHARACTERISTICS

Author(s) of article (institution): Regina Malinauskaitė (Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy).

Abstract: Spice plant contain many biologically active substances. They can affect other plant growth and development. The article presents research of the effect of aqueous extracts from coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) leafs and influorescences on the germination (germination energy and germination) of lentil (Lens culinaris Med.) ‘Smėlinukai’ variety seeds and the growth (root lenght, schoots height) in early development stages. The treatments of investigation were as follows: 1) aqueous extracts of coriandes leaves, concentration 1 : 12 and 1 : 30 (biomass : distilled water); 2) aqueous extracts of coriandes linfluorescences, concentration 1 : 12 and 1 : 30. The control was distilled water. The experiment was conducted at the Plant Physiology Laboratory of the Agricultural academy Vytautas Magnum university. It was determined that the germination of the lentil seeds was insignificantly suppressed, essentiality – the formation of sprouts and primary roots. As the concentration of the aqueous extract increased, the inhibitory effect increased. The most inhibitory effect was the 1:12 concentration coriander influorescenses aqueous extract. Its impact on the average lentil sprouts length was 16.66 mm. They were substantially 2.21 times shorter than germinated distilled water (control). The roots were 4.79 mm long, or 11.71 times shorter than the distilled water.

Keywords: coriander, lentil, aqueous extract, allelopathy.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-31-36.pdf


5.

Title: ARTEMISIA PONTICA L. INTRODUCTION IN MEDICINAL PLANTS SECTOR LONG – TERM FIELDS AT VMU BOTANICAL GARDEN

Author(s) of article (institution): Sandra Saunoriūtė, Ona Ragažinskienė, Erika Šeinauskienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: Research on the preservation, enhancement and improvement of human health of biodiversity, investigations of medicinal (aromatic) plants have a scientific and practical significance not only in Lithuania, but also in the whole world. So far, there is a lack of detailed research into the patterns of variability in morphological properties of viable medicinal plants used, as well as indicators of biological productivity, which are heavily influenced by climatic factors. Progress in modern medicine encourages greater use of herbal medicines in the world, requiring more resources for medicinal plants. Taking into account that the demand for medicinal herbal raw materials is increasing every year, and the resources of medicinal plants in nature are small or limited, one of the most effective ways to protect the natural resources of viable medicinal (aromatic) plants is to grow them in ex situ test areas. Previous studies have found that Lithuania’s largest number of herbal medicinal plant species – 46 are (Astraceae (Bercht. & J. Presl) family, therefore, the prospective, herbaceous (Artemisia pontica L.) which has been cultivated since 1973 in long-term field of Medicinal plants collections of Botanical Garden at Vytautas Magnus University.
The complex introduction and acclimatization research of (Artemisia pontica L.) has been carried out in 2017-2018 under the natural conditions of Central Lithuania in the field of ex situ experimental areas of sector Medicinal plants collections of Botanical Garden at Vytautas Magnus University. The detailed introduction studies and the statistical data analysis methods found (Artemisia pontica L.) passes the entire vegetation period until the maturity of the seeds in Lithuanian climate conditions. 2017-2018 was determined regularities of biological productivity of the herbal raw material of Artemisia pontica L. during different vegetation periods.
The aim of research − to make a comparative analysis of the Artemisia pontica L. biological productivity variation in different fenological stages in 2017-2018.

Keywords: medicinal plants, introduction, human health.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-37-42.pdf


6.

Title: THE SPREAD OF INVASIVE FUNGI ERYSIPHE FLEXUOSA AND INVASIVE PEST CAMERARIA OHRIDELA ON HORSE CHESTNUT (AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM L.)

Author(s) of article (institution): Antanina Stankevičienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: 

During 2009–2018, the state monitoring of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) was carried out in Alytus and Kaunas cities. 293 matured trees grown at recreational greeneries and 595 – at protective street plantations were evaluated. Chestnuts were found to be injured by invasive pest – Cameraria ohridella and mildew agents invasive fungus Erysiphe flexuosa. The average grade of damage of Cameraria ohridella at recreational greeneries in 2013, 2018 was higher than 3. Injuries caused by leafminer was observed at street greeneries in the length of time and less in number, trees remain partially green until the end of vegetation (injuries usually range from 0 to 2 grades). Leafminer injuries were of weaker strength at protective street plantations. Chestnut trees were most strongly injured at street greeneries in 2010, 2014 – average grade of damage was 2.05, 2.89. In ten-year period (2009–2018) the average grade of damage of leafminer at recreational greeneries was 1.810.01 and at protective street plantations – 1.300.01 grades.
Injuries of other invasive pathogen – mildew on chestnut, during the research period, were weaker. The strongest influence mildew had at recreational greeneries in 2009–2011, average grade of damage 0.70, 0.78, 0.77 and at the same time at protective green plantations – 0.76, 0.76, 0.66 grades. Only after the evaluation of ten-year research data, chestnuts grown at protective street plantations were estimated to hold stronger injuries (0.46±0.01 grades), and weaker at recreational greeneries (0.39±0.01).

Keywords: Aesculus hippocastanum, Erysiphe flexuosa, Cameraria ohridella

The number of pages: 5.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-43-47.pdf


7.

Title: THE STATE OF NEWLY PLANTED AESCULUS L. AT CITY‘S STREET PLANTATIONS

Author(s) of article (institution): Antanina Stankevičienė (Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: Aim of the work: to determine the variety and state of chestnut (Aesculus L.) genus plants, newly planted at protective street plantations.
Until 2005–2007 Aesculus L. growing at protective street plantations was of a rather good state. At a time Cameraria ohridella triggered severe damages on them. Accordingly the search for new species replacing Aesculus hipocastanum was initiated. Since 2008 Aesculus hipocastanum ‘Baummanii’ have been planted at protective street plantations. The research was carried out at 10 streets in Alytus and Kaunas cities. During 2008–2014 there were planted 122 A. hippocastanum ‘Baumannii’ trees at 3 streets (Margio, Sudvajų, Putinų) of Alytus city and at Gediminas street in Kaunas. The monitoring in 2009–2018 of newly planted A. hipocastanum‘Baummanii’ at protective street plantations, have exposed these trees, grown under our conditions, to be of a very poor state. Injuries of non-infectious origin are detected annually: defoliation, discoloration (till 3±0.14 grades), leaf necrosis (till 2.27±0.07), number dry branches – till 1.82±0.14 grades. Rapture of a bark of a trunk is relevant to these trees. Injuries on trunks intensify as a tree grows: number of raptures, bark tears increase. At a injured areas, a fungus Schizophillum commune eroding dead wood, has developed. Evaluating the 10-year study, it can be said that Aesculus hipocastanum ‘Baummanii’ should not be grown under our conditions.
In 2015–2017 257 trees of red horse chestnut ‘Briotii’ (Aesculus x carnea Hayne ‘Briotii’) species were planted in Kaunas (Perkūno av., Basanavičiaus str., Gėlių rato str., Minties rato str., Molėtų str., Vydūno av.). The monitoring of the state of these newly planted trees have assessed significantly weaker and non-annual injuries (defoliation till 1.03±0.05 grades, necrosis – 0.69±0.09, dry branches till 0.23±0.09 grades). Rarely detected were mildew (agent Erysiphe flexuosa) and leaf spots (agent Phyllosticta paviae). Since 2016 on these chestnut trees were noticed injuries of Cameraria ohridella, till 0.7±0.29 grades. The abovementioned injuries had no impact on the decorativeness of red horse chestnut trees.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-48-53.pdf


8.

Title: STRAW OF THE AGRICULTURAL PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY

Author(s) of article (institution): Vasyl Zhelykh, Yuriy Furdas, Olena Savchenko, Khrystyna Kozak (Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Building and Environmental Engineering, Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation Department)

Abstract: Ukraine has significant amounts of land resources for agricultural production. It is able to provide its population not only with food, but as a raw material for bioenergy. As raw materials in bioenergy, waste and agricultural remnants that are formed in the process of harvesting agricultural crops and in the process of their processing can be used, in particular straw of cereals, legumes, corn and sunflower seeds, sunflower husk, rice puddings, pulp sugar beets. For energy needs in bioenergy, agricultural waste is used by direct burning or by processing into solid, liquid or gaseous fuels. In the production of gaseous fuels from agricultural waste, not only the source of energy – biogas, but high quality fertilizers are formed. In addition, biogas is easy to use, store and transport. It can be used on decentralized block heating plants or can be supplied to an existing gas transmission network. The process of biogas production takes place in bioreactors, the constructions of which are quite diverse and differ by form, material, methods of mixing and heating of biomass, volume of processing raw materials. Among the agricultural wastes that bring the greatest energy potential, there are straw of cereals, which is available in large volumes, is actively studied and is increasingly used as a raw material for biogas production.
In this article, for the production of biogas from straw of agricultural plants, the design of a bioreactor is proposed, which allows for efficient mixing and warming up of organic biomass, which allows improve the efficiency and reduce the energy consumption of a bioreactor. Analytical studies to determine the amount of biogas output were used for maize straw, cereal straw and rye straw. Research has shown that the amount of biogas output depends on the type of straw and the time of fermentation. The largest amount of biogas output is generated within 10 days of the day the organic biomass is loaded. It was established that the largest amount of biogas is formed from straw of grain crops, with the maximum value of 1.75 m3. The smallest amount of biogas is formed from rye straw; the maximum amount of biogas output is 1.3 m3.

Keywords: biomass, straw, biogas, anaerobic fermentation, bioreactor.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: english.

Field of sciences: technologies.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019-54-60.pdf