Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment: scientific articles (5) 10

Other issues of scientific articles
Lithuanian

.

Editorial Committee

doc. Dr. Giedre Adomaviciene (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)
Dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava experimental and training forest enterprise)
prof. habil. Dr. Jurgis Bucas (Kaunas University of Technology)
prof. Dr. (HP) Honorata Danilcenko (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)
doc. Dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
doc. Dr. Eugenijus Jonaitis (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences)
academic Dr. habil. Stasys Karazija (Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
doc. Dr. Vaclovas Makunas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
prof. Dr. habil. Vida Mildaziene (Vytauto Magnus University)
lecturer Donatas Misiunas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences) (responsible editor)
prof. Dr. Evaldas Vylius Navys (Vilniaus University, association „Zaliuojanti Vilnija“)
prof. Dr. Ona Ragazinskiene (Vytauto Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden)
Dr. Nobertas Uselis (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
lecturer Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences) (managing editor)
Dr. Regina Vasinauskiene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Adress of Editorial Comittee
Gardening and Agrotechnologies Department of Technologies and Landscaping Faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences
Pramones pr. 22, LT–50387 Kaunas
E.mail.: donatas.misiunas@go.kauko.lt

Publication type: scientific articles

Publisher: Department of Gardening and Agro-technologies of Technologies and Landscaping faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences

ISSN: 2029-1906 (print); ISSN 2335-7282 (online)

Year of publication (volume) issue: 2014 (5) 10

Papers presented at the 10th Annual National Scientific Conference „Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment“, 26 March 2014. Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, Kaunas.

Articles are reviewed and edited by one peer reviewer and one anonymous peer reviewer.

Articles were published online on 7th April 2014


1. 

Title: Woody plants of warm regions in dubrava arboretum

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava Experimental Training Forest Enterprise)

Reviewer (institution) (institucija): doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Some plants of Dubrava Arboretum naturally grow in countries of rather warm climate or are recommended to grow in 6–9 hardiness zones. Despite this, they are winter hardy enough and thrive successfully in our 5th hardiness zone. Research of such plants – 36 taxa – was performed in the years 2005 to 2013. Most of the plants are naturally distributed in East, South and Central Asia (22 taxa) and in southern part of North America (8 taxa). Plants of 5 taxa grow in Southern, Central Europe, Asia Minor, and one plant is cultivar without range of natural distribution. The results show that the plants are significantly more winter resistant than stated in the literature and than can be expected by their natural habitats. However, these findings cannot be applied to all representatives of one or another species. Since all tested plants are progeny of introduced plants from different botanic gardens and other institutions, it is likely that within a few generations in process of introduction survived only winter hardy plants. In the future, further research would clarify many questions relative to winter hardiness of both different plant individuals and different taxa and would enable to do more reasonable conclusions.

Keywords: introduced plants, resistance, average low temperature, hardiness zones.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: BARONIENE, Valerija. Woody plants of warm regions in dubrava arboretum. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 9-15. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_9_15.pdf


2.

Title: The role of agriculture technologist in sustainable farming

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Dalia Butkiene, lector Nijole Jurksaitiene, lector Donatas Klimavicius, lector Irena Tulabiene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: The Department of Gardening and Agro Technologies at the Faculty of Technologies and Landscaping of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences is preparing a new study programme “Sustainable Farming and Agro Tourism”. In order to assess the need for this study programme as well as to determine agricultural technologist’s activities, the main strategic documents for the development of agriculture as well as scientific sources of information revealing the demand for specialists have been analyzed; and the survey of representatives of agricultural institutions, graduates and employers’ opinion has been carried out. According to the data received, it might be stated that the study programme “Harmonious Farming and Agro Tourism” is necessary as it meets cultural, social, economic and political concept of the rural policy model of the 21st century. Representatives of agricultural institutions, graduates and employers are also in favor of education of broad profile specialists who are able to work and to live according to the principals of harmonious farming.

Keywords: Sustainable farming, agrotourism, study program, agricultural technologist.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: BUTKIENE, Dalia, et al.  The role of agriculture technologist in sustainable farming. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  16-20. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: social sciences

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_16_20.pdf


3.

Title: Ornamental woody plants for green hedges, their ornamental and bioecological evaluation

Author(s) of article (institution): asistant Idalija Buziene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: In 2013, a survey on the most popular hedge plants was made in three nurseries of Raudondvaris, ,,Sodo skrynia“ and Garliava, which are producing or importing decorative woody plants from Poland or Holland‘s nurseries. The obtained data shows that the bestseller plants in all nurseries were the western thuja ‘Smaragd‘ (Thuja occidentalis ‘Smaragd‘), the mountain pines (Pinus mugo) and the common beeches (Fagus sylvatica). The shining cotoneaster (Cotoneaster lucidus), the siebold’s crabapple (Malus sieboldii), the hawthorn (Crataegus), the Norway spruce (Picea abies), which is especially liked in farmhouses, are the most popular plants in Raudondvaris nursery. The rock juniper ‘Skyrocket‘, ‘Blue Arrow‘, the hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) and the common beech (Fagus sylvatica) are the bestsellers in the nursery of ,,Sodo skrynia“. The serbian spruce (Picea omorika) is the most popular plant in the nursery of Garliava. Out of the flowering shrubs, the spiraea (Spiraea) and its varieties, the shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa) and its varieties get the biggest amount of attention in Raudondvaris nursery, the spiraea cinerea variety of ‘Grefsheim‘ is the most popular in the nursery of Garliava as well as the japaneese spiraea (Spiraea japonica) and the thunberg’s barberry dwarf varieties in the nursery of ,,Sodo skrynia“.

Keywords: Hedge plants, ornamentality, plant application, demand.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  BUZIENE, Idalija. Ornamental woody plants for green hedges, their ornamental and bioecological evaluation. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  21-27. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_21_27.pdf


4.

Title: The characterization descriptors of clematis (Clematis L.) cultivars

Author(s) of article (institution): Dr. Stase Dapkuniene (Plant gene bank , Vilnius university botanical garden), botanic Gintarele Jurkeviciene (Vilnius university botanical garden)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: The genus Clematis involve about 300 species spread in all world. Clematis x jackmanii T.Moore was brougth in Lithuania by naturalist T. Ivanauskas from Germany in 1928. The flower breeders A.Samboras, L.Bakevičius and J. Vestartienė created Lithuanian cultivars of clematis whose can be attribute to national plant genetic resources. When plant is granted this status, the documents of the set form and meeting the Bioversity International (BI) requirements are prepared. The Characterization descriptors is one of this documents. We expect that the clematis characterization descriptor prepared according BI advice and referring the UPOV guidelines which is presented in this article will help to distinguish among different clematis phenotypes that are easily visible to naked eye and occur equally under different environmental conditions. The clematis characterization descriptor consists of the evaluation of vegetative and generative parts of plant. The most suitable criterions to describe a vegetative part of the plant are the plant type, the heigth of plant, the lignification of stem, the width, lenght, shape, margin and rugosity of the leaf blade, the type of leaf and the main color of leaf blade upper side. The most suitable criterions to describe a generatative part of the plant are the following ones: beginning of butonization and flowering duration, flowers type, diameter, shape, number of sepals, sepal shape, lenght, width, shape of apex and  base, main and secondary color of upper side of sepal, color of staminodes, filament, anther, stigma and style.

Keywords: clematis, characterization descriptor, morphological and ornamental traits.

The number of pages: 9

Reference list:  DAPKUNIENE, Stase; ir  JURKEVICIENE, Gintarele. The characterization descriptors of clematis (Clematis L.) cultivars. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  28-33. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_28_33.pdf


5.

Title: Sculpture in the city – aesthetic and emotional context

Author(s) of article (institution): Lector Vida Gerikiene (Klaipeda State College), doc., dr. Jurga Kucinskiene (Klaipeda university, Klaipeda State College), lector Diana Baravykaite  (Klaipeda State College)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Rita Nekrosiene, Klaipeda university

Abstract: The aim of this article is to assess the aesthetic value and the emotional impact of ornamental sculpture and their use in the urban environment. Aesthetic value defines the object as a variety of communications and relations as a whole, and their reflection in the visual environment. Decorative sculpture in one or other of the group depends mainly on the information available to the observer of sculpture. If a small sculpture with a specific meaning will be monitored by an observer uninformed about it will have only a decorative purpose, but if it has informed observer, the sculpture will take a monumental sculpture signs. You can find sculptures in pedestrian malls, city parks, children’s parks, streets, on quays. Decorative sculpture seems most interesting when it is built in the specifically for it desired location where you can feel immediate link between the environment and sculptures. Best sculpture emotion revealed only at the impact area. These works have almost every European city. Lithuanian cities in the image of these decorative elements are also much livelier. No matter where in the city, the country we can see these decorative elements, but they make us to stop, think and feel.

Keywords: ornamental sculpture, city, emotional perception, aesthetic evaluation, greenery.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list:  GERIKIENE, Vida; KUCINSKIENE,  Jurga; ir  BARAVYKAITE, Diana. Sculpture in the city – aesthetic and emotional context.  Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  34-39. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_34_39.pdf


 

6.

Title: Phytosanitary state of woody plants in Vilnius suburb recreational territory

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Banga Grigaliunaite, dr. Antanas Matelis (Institute of Botany of Nature Research Centre)

Reviewer (institution): habil. dr. Juozas Staniulis (Institute of Botany of Nature Research Centre)

Abstract: During 2011–2013 in north–eastern part of Vilniaus suburb recreational territory 32 species of fungi belonging to 28 genera were detected. All recorded species of fungi were attributed to Basidiomycota and Ascomycota sections. Most harmful fungus appeared to be Phellinus pini damaging Pinus sylvestris plants. Fungi belonging to Erysiphe, Marssonina, Mycosphaerella and other genera, parasitizing leaves of woody plants caused no serious damage to plants. Deleterious anthropogenic activity worsens tree conditions, reduces their resistance to fungal disease agents and wind damage.

Keywords: woody plants, recreational area, Vilnius.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list:  GRIGALIUNAITE, Banga;  ir  MATELIS, Antanas. Phytosanitary state of woody plants in Vilnius suburb recreational territory. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 40-44. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_40_44.pdf


7.

Title: Pathogenic fungi and pests on woody plants in old Bernardinai cemetery of Vilnius

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Banga Grigaliunaite, dr. Antanas Matelis (Institute of Botany of Nature Research Centre)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Rima Mačkinaitė (Institute of Botany of Nature Research Centre)

Abstract: The paper presents data on the pathogenic fungi and pests found in 2010–2013 in old Bernardinai Cemetery in Vilnius city. 22 species of pathogenic fungi, belonging to 18 genera: Apiognomonia, Camarosporium, Coccomyces, Dasyscypha, Fomes, Fumago, Guignardia, Inonotus, Microsphaera, Mycosphaerella, Monilia, Pestalotiopsis, Phyllactinia, Phoma, Polyporus, Rhytisma, Uncinula, Venturia were identified on woody plants of 16 species. Most harmful fungi: Fomes fomentarius infect individual lime trees and Polyporus squamosus maple trees, causing wood rot. The most wide spread pests were: Cameraria ohridella – damaging leaves of Aesculus hippocastanum (100%), and Phyllonorycter populifoliella – leaves of Populus x canescens, P. nigra (80%). Mature maples suffer from bark beetles (Scolytidae).

Keywords: fungi, pests, woody plants, Bernardinai cemetery

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: GRIGALIUNAITE, Banga;  ir  MATELIS, Antanas. Pathogenic fungi and pests on woody plants in old Bernardinai cemetery of Vilnius. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  45-49. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_45_49.pdf



8.

Title: Investigation of old Lithuanian flax varieties

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Zofija Jankauskiene, dr. Elvyra Gruzdeviene (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Upytė Experimental Station)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jolanta Margeliene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: The investigation of old Lithuanian flax varieties (OLFV), included to the National heritage, was carried out in 2013 at the Upytė Experimental Station of the LRCAF. The results of the investigation show that total, stem and fibre yield and fibre content of OLFV was lower than that of the modern standard variety, but the seed and chaff yield of OLFV in most cases was behind the standard. Only the sample Vaižgantas has a fibre quality number similar to the standard. Fiber strength results of samples Vaižgantas a, b and c were similar to that of standard, but the results of fibre flexibility were much higher of OLFV.

Keywords: fibre, flax, yield, varieties.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: JANKAUSKIENE, Zofija; ir  GRUZDEVIENE, Elvyra.  Investigation of old Lithuanian flax varieties. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  50-55. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_50_55.pdf



 

9.

Title: Analysis of the use Moodle in the study process in the department of Gardening and agrotechnologies

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Jovita Jankiene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Donatas Misiunas (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Comparative analysis of the faculty and student survey data of 2009–2013 concerning the Information Technology (IT) and e-learning virtual learning environment (VLE) Moodle were performed. The use of the Moodle in the study process and emerging issues concerning education of students and special skills were examined. IT management and e-learning improve the quality of higher education system and is based on the following criteria: cost-effectiveness, student-friendly opinion, feedback, learning effectiveness, the image of the department. The article presents the opinion of students on the Moodle VLE services needed, and the complexity of the problems. Respondents noted that learning Moodle VLE is useful or very useful in assessing the 73%. The investigation confirmed that the virtual learning environment helps to open new training opportunities, enables access to various information sources increases learning efficiency of the training increases accessibility and flexibility of time and location, formed and concentrated knowledge are given the learning takes place in co-operation.

Keywords: Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) Moodle, information technology (IT), e-learning.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: JANKIENE, Jovita.  Analysis of the use Moodle in the study process in the department of Gardening and agrotechnologies. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  56-60. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: social sciences

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_56_60.pdf


 

10.

Title: Post–war parks, dendrological and architectural aspects of their renovation

Author(s) of article (institution):  doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava Experimental and Training Forest Enterprise)

Abstract: In 2005–2013 around 100 town parks and squares created during post–war period were explored and evaluated: in the west of Lithuania – 19, in the south and south west of Lithuania – 21, in Central Lithuania – 35, and in eastern – 25. Considering the purpose and character of the use, they can be divided in to the following categories: 1 –small recreation parks and representation squares of cities and towns; 2 –parks of culture and recreation;3 –parks and recreation areas next to water bodies, 4 –sculpture parks, 5 –parks of limited use belonging to individual institutions and organizations; 6 –parks next to historic, cultural and natural heritage objects. According the size the mentioned greenery can be grouped as follows: large parks (18% of the analyzed greenery, area of which is more than 20 ha), parks of middle size (20% of the analyzed greenery, area of which is 10– 20 ha) and small parks and squares (62% of the analyzed greenery, area of which is up to 10 ha). There are 14 parks and squares in good and very good condition (14% of the analyzed greenery), 72 parks and squares in average condition (72%), 12 parks and squares in satisfactory condition (12%) and 2 parks in poor condition (2%). 285 species and cultivars of introduced woody plants are registered in the analyzed greenery (86 are Pinophyta, 199 are Magnoliophyta) which belong to 35 families and 80 genera (Pinophyta–3 families and 10 genera, Magnoliophyta – 32 and 70). Parks located near natural water bodies (lakes, rivers) and having more or less expressed relief have the most expressive and picturesque landscape. When developing new parks these elements of natural frame are not only desirable, but necessary. Typical feature of all renovated parks is the reconstruction of infrastructure elements, renovation and numerous supplements of introduced dendroflora, quite often enriched with rare and valuable, exotic species of trees, bushes and cultivars.

Keywords: park, square, species, cultivar.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: JANUSKEVICIUS, Laimutis.  Post–war parks, dendrological and architectural aspects of their renovation. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  61-67. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_61_67.pdf


 

11.

Title: Flowering shrubs for garden of contemporary

Author(s) of article (institution): Audrone Ona Jurkstiene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dendrologas – biologist Arvydas Rutkauskas (Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: Flowering shrubs (frutex, fruticulus) are very important green plantation of contemporary homestead. Color, intensity and duration of flowering heavily influence garden composition. Plentifully flowering shrubs are more ornate than trees. Large trees lack space in small environments. At least – 71 taxa of flowering shrubs suitable for contemporary homestead gardens are grown ir Lithuania. On average flowering begins on March and terminates on October. Most species flower on May (39) and on June (42). Most taxa (43) are average height shrubs (1–3 m.), least (6) – fruticulus and (11) – large (above 3 m.). Color range is wide: white – 33, yellow – 18, orange – 4, red – 7, red – purple – 1, pink – 38, violet – 1, blue – 3. Most species flower for only a few weeks, but there are some flowers flowering for 3 to 5 months. Beginning, duration, intensity of flowering and quality of blossom depends on climate conditions, pests, diseases, agricultural engineering.

Keywords: assortment, flowering shrubs, contemporary homestead.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list:  JURKSTIENE, Audrone Ona. Flowering shrubs for garden of contemporary. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  68-73. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_68_73.pdf


12.

Title: Effect of rootstock on growth and yield of apple tree cultivar ‘Aldas’

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Donatas Klimavicius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kaunas University of Technology)

Abstract:  The experiment of apple tree cv. ‘Aldas’ rootstock was arranged at the Kaunas College Faculty of Landscaping in 2002. Investigations were carried out in 2008–2013. There were investigated fruit trees of cv. ‘Aldas’ on rootstocks P.60 and B.396 planted at spacing of 3,5×1,2 m (2380 tree/ha). Growth of trees was estimated by length of annual shoots, trunk cross sectional. Was evaluated the yield of apple and fruit weight, immunity of scab and apple blotch. Experiment will be proceeded.

Keywords: dwarf rootstock B.396, dwarf rootstock P.60, productivity of apple, cultivar ‘Aldas‘, Venturia inaequalis.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list:   KLIMAVICIUS, Donatas.  Effect of rootstock on growth and yield of apple tree cultivar ‘Aldas’. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  74-78. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_74_78.pdf


13.

Title: Fish rest raw materials for organic crop production

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Irina Koscelkovskiene, dr. Alvija Salaseviciene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Ausra Simonelienė (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: The increase of the fishing capacity and cultivated fish quantities at the aqua farms introduce large amounts of fish for manufacturing. As a result, the fish-processing industry produces much more fish rest raw materials. Fish rest raw materials are resulting directly from fishing vessels and fish processing plants, when eviscerating fish, separating heads, viscera, fins and other non-food grade fish body parts or low value species fish. Under the requirements of bio economics for sustainable food technologies development the reuse of food rest raw materials and introduction back to agro and food processing streams is of a highly importance and prioritized issue by biological, ecological, environment, economical means not only in Lithuania, but in European and global markets as well.

Keywords: fish salvage, organic fertilizers, protein hydrolysates, minerals.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list:   KOSCELKOVSKIENE, Irina; ir SALASEVICIENE, Alvija. Fish rest raw materials for organic crop production. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  79-83. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_79_83.pdf


14.

Title: Plant stock selection for confectionery eliminating gluten

Author(s) of article (institution): Doc. dr. Ingrida Kraujutiene, lekt. Aldona Sugintiene,doc. dr. Ausra Simonėliene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences); doc. dr. Ilona Vagusevicienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis university, Institute of Agriculture and Food Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Ausra Steponaviciene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract:  There has been performed analysis of literature dealing with plant stock which does not contain the allergen – gluten. There were revealed that the grain protein gluten being composed of several proteins: gliadin, glutenin (wheat), hordein (barley) and sekalino (rye). Persons following the gluten free diet, should choose the products containing buckwheat, rice, corn, oats, amaranth, etc. Valuable cereals grown in Lithuania are buckwheat and corn. Their areas are significantly smaller due to their low yields comparing with wheat ones. This is due to the biological properties of these plants and the climatic conditions. However, they are perfect for extending the range of foods for gluten intolerant people. There were used gluten free flour of buckwheat, corn and rice to perform technological research (to produce cakes. Rice is not grown in Lithuania, but they are very popular as raw material for the food industry. There were chosen baking of cakes to perform the experiments. The work has been carried out in Kaunas College of Technology, Faculty of Land and Food Technology Laboratory of bread production. Cake is being attributed to a soft crumbly dough product. There were baked cakes including 30% starch instead of wheat flour as control ones and then gluten free ones of 100% corn, rice and buckwheat flour. Dough must be beated not kneaded to prepare such kind of cakes. Baked products were evaluated after 1 day. Performing sensory analysis accordingly to questionnaires fulfilled by interviewed consumers and determining of moisture content in chemical laboratory. There were interviewed 21 respondent. The results displayed that cakes of traditional, corn and rice flour were tasty except ones of buckwheat flour. Most consumers disliked specific taste and smell of buckwheat cakes and their surface being tended to char under usual baking conditions.

Keywords: plant stock, wheat, buckwheat, corn and rice flour, cakes.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: KRAUJUTIENE, Ingrida, et. al. Plant stock selection for confectionery eliminating gluten. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  84-88. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_84_88.pdf


15.

Title: Long–term storage in vitro: alternative approach of strawberry plants genetic resources conservation

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Vanda Lukoseviciute (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University), dr. Rytis Rugienius (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry ), dr. Adomas Vitas (Vytautas Magnus University FNSERC Group of Dendroclimatology and Radiometrics)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Vidmantas Bendokas, Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry

Abstract: Investigations of strawberry plants genetic resources long–term storage in 4 oC temperature were carried out from 2009–2012 in the Department of Orchard Plant Genetics and Biotechnology at IH LRCAF. There were used for the long–term storage research 16 varieties of strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa), one selection number and F. moschata, F. vesca, F. virginiana, F. virginiana subp. glauca species. Microshoots of strawberry different genotypes were stored in a climate chamber for 12 months on Murashige and Skoog and Knopp’s agar mediums in 4 oC temperature in vitro. It was revealed that the condition variation of microshoots during storage of strawberry at low positive temperatures depend on the genotype. Strawberry and wild strawberry more resistant in winter are able to adapt better and maintain longer exposures at low positive temperature than less resistant.

Reikšminiai žodžiai: strawberry, in vitro, genetic resources, microshoots.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list:  LUKOSEVICIUTE, Vanda; RUGIENIUS, Rytis; ir  VITAS, Adomas. Long–term storage in vitro: alternative approach of strawberry plants genetic resources conservation. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  89-93. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_89_93.pdf


16.

Title:  Identification of pollen beetle (Brassicogethes spp.) species using molecular (sequencing) method and genetic diversity assessment

Author(s) of article (institution): doc. dr. Vaclovas Makunas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Pollen beetle (Brassicogethes spp.) species composition in Kėdainiai populations collected in winter and spring oilseed rape in 2010 determined and the genetic diversity assessed using molecular – sequencing method. There were two types determined, predominant Brassicogethes aeneus (98.2%) and B. viridescens (1.8%). According to the mtDNA sequences five different B. aeneus types of beetle haplotypes (Ked_A, Ked_B, Ked_C, Ked_D, Ked_E) were identified with the largest genetic distance of 0.5% between them. The most common haplotype was Ked_B ( 70.9%), which was determined in all samples of winter and spring rape. In B. viridescens species two haplotypes Ked_V and Ked_V1 were detected (from populations of Kėdainiai Alytus, Prienai and Tauragė). Ked_V haplotype was identical to the haplotype (from Finland) deposited in the Genbank and haplotype Ked_V1 was found only in one of the populations (from Alytus). According to the mtDNA COI gene sequences, B. aeneus individuals from Kėdainiai population are very similar to the data of this type of beetle deposited in Finnish GenBank, however different from the individuals spread in UK or Italy.

Keywords: Brassicogethes aeneus, B. viridescens, molecular identification of species, sequencing, genetic diversity.

The number of pages: 10

Reference list: MAKUNAS, Vaclovas.   Identification of pollen beetle (Brassicogethes spp.) species using molecular (sequencing) method and genetic diversity assessment. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  94-103. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_94_103.pdf


17.

Title: Interrior optimization with water installations

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Regina Malakauskiene (Klaipeda State College)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Jurga Kucinskiene (Klaipeda State College)

Abstract: The role of water in human life has always occupied an important place. Water in all cultures and at all times has been linked by health rituals and ritual. Human physiology is determined by water demand for vital functions, but the water mystical and therapeutic powers of the more cherished the old culture. Today the human way of life is determined by its long-term presence in confined spaces. Indoor climate quality problems often associated with low humidity parameters especially during the cold season. This is the most important cause of health problems and the consequences of the result. Designers offer – to optimize the use of space inside as much as possible the natural elements of nature to human environment more conducive to his health. Extensive use of water features and allows you to achieve the aesthetic, psychological and therapeutic possibilities of interior design. Water installations application and use of air quality improve psychological, aesthetic and therapeutic value in modern multifunctional interior space making way.

Keywords: water, interior, water plants, water features.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list:  MALAKAUSKIENE, Regina. Interrior optimization with water installations. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  104-109. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_104_109.pdf


 

 18.

Title:  Protection of rare plants and the investigation of their use in plantations

Author(s) of article (institution):  lector Jolanta Margeliene (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract:  The assessment of the wild, rare, decorative plant morphological characteristics, found that the average height of plants (20 species), even 19 rings of the investigated plants are purple in color, the green leaves to 48 plants. In order to preserve rare plants it is necessary to know the reasons for their extinction and to adapt certain protection measures. For that reason 55 decorative plants included into Lithuanian red list were analyzed. The results identify the reasons for their extinction; usually they become extinct because of the habitat overgrowth with trees and bushes (58.18%), drainage and irrigation (36.36%.) as well as intensive farming (29.09%). They are less endangered by grazing (21.82%.), plant picking for medical uses and cutting (20%) as well as grass closure (16.36%.). It was identified that the main protective measures for the outdoor decorative plants are the support of traditional farming, limitations of grazing, etc. 39 taxons of decorative plants included into Lithuanian Red List (2007) were researched according to the following parameters: use possibilities in greeneries and the identification of application index in the greeneries. The research result shows that the use of decorative plants (39 taxons), included into Lithuanian Red List is different, however, majority of the researched plant species could be used the following way: in edges – 21, in flower beds – 17 and for cutting – 15. The researched plants are valuable according to their use possibilities; however, rare decorative plants fall into three application positions. The biggest plant group – 25 taxons – have only three positions for use, 12 plant taxons have four or six use possibilities and only 2 plant taxons include seven or nine positions. The use possibilities of wild decorative plants are much less than cultural decorative plants.

Keywords: taxon, biological diversity, reasons of plant extinction and plant protection.

The number of pages: 9

Reference list: MARGELIENE, Jolanta. Protection of rare plants and the investigation of their use in plantationss. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  110-118. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_110_118.pdf



 

19.

Title: Scorzonera hispanica L. and Tragopogon porrifolius L. evaluation of biological and farming characteristics under organic growing conditions on the profiled surface

Author(s) of article (institution):  Junior scientific worker Nijole Marockiene (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Loreta Buskiene (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry)

Abstract: Investigation was carried out at the Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry in 2011–2012. The aim of experiment was to evaluate biological and farming characteristics of Scorzonera hispanica L. and Tragopogon porrifolius L. under organic growing conditions on the profiled surface. The object of investigation was variety ‘Duplex’ of Scorzonera hispanica L. (black salsify) and variety ‘Flandrija’ of Tragopogon porrifolius L. (salsify). According to the data of experiment, it was established that plants of Tragopogon porrifolius L. had distinguished with plants height (39.8 cm), leaves diameter (74.5 cm), amount of leaves (32.5 units), leaves length (58.5) and index of root–crop shape (10.3). The biggest amount of total (9.0 t ha-1) and marketable (7.5 t ha-1) yield was established in ‘Duplex’ Scorzonera hispanica L., where output of marketable production reached 82.7%.

Keywords: Scorzonera hispanica L., Tragopogon porrifolius L., raw material, yield.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list:  MAROCKIENE, Nijole. Scorzonera hispanica L. and Tragopogon porrifolius L. evaluation of biological and farming characteristics under organic growing conditions on the profiled surfa. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  119-123. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_119_123.pdf


20.

Title: Uncommon ornamental plant for parterres of Lithuania

Author(s) of article (institution): Donatas Misiunas, Jonas Vaidelys (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kaunas University of Technology)

Abstract: In 2009–2013 in the homestead of J.Vaidelys (a protected state dendrological collection) were rated 33 taxa rare or little commonplace in Lithuania parterres decorative herbaceous plants. Perform phenological observations and biometric measurements, evaluating tested plants decor, growth and development of the properties, the reproductive capacity of studies evaluating the priority plant propagation method of reproduction (self-) speed; clarify the application of the theoretical possibility of the parterres. In 1980–1983 and in the period 2002–2006 Lithuanian urban public parterres were evaluated (Vaidelys, 1980–1983, 2002–2006) that there is not grown or very rarely grown these plants, so they are able to increase the number of flowers or the appropriate plant assortments. The most promising may be considered: Alchemilla molis (Buser) Rothm.), Chamaemelum (Anthemis) nobile (L.) All., Houttuyania cordata Thunb., Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.)A.DC., Rodgersia aesculifolia Batal., Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng., Astrantia major L., Darmera peltata Torr. ex Benth., Dianthus knapii (Panth.) Borb., Hylomecon vernalis Maxim., Iris ruthenica Ker-Gawl., Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. et Zucc., Primula florindae Ward.

Keywords: herbaceous ornamental plants, assortment, customization of the parterres.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: MISIUNAS, Donatas; ir VAIDELYS, Jonas. Uncommon ornamental plant for parterres of Lithuania. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  124-131. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_124_131.pdf



21.

Title: Identification of homestead plantation as green heritage of ethnical culture.

Author(s) of article (institution): doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Ausra Mlinkauskiene (Kaunas University of Technology)

Abstract: Lithuania protected places of cultural heritage objects are identified and evaluated on the basis of detailed studies of their locations. In Lithuania Historical and Cultural Monuments of the Republic of Lithuania on the list and register of cultural properties and yet is not registered in any documentation of cultural heritage thoroughly studied and left for store locations and evaluated for the protection and development of selected according to a systematic set of object / area value identification signs, as defined in its most general six evaluation criteria: 1) cultural values (historical informative, shape and structure of the maturity, authenticity, ethnographical), 2) landscape values (exposition power, historical and ecological stability of the composite sharpness), 3) values (universal, regional, local uniqueness), 4) the standard representation (the country ethnographic region, localized locally), 5) public interest (associativity), and 6) the use of perspective (the actual physical condition of spatial localization). This paper analyzes the homestead and the greenery of the legal status of heritage, houses for matching the greenery of the cultural heritage protection organization of the cultural heritage criteria for definition of cultural heritage in the context of identification.

Keywords: homestead plantation, green ethnic cultural heritage, evaluation criteria, identification signs.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list:  MISIUS, Romualdas.  Identification of homestead plantation as green heritage of ethnical culture. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5(10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  132-139. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_132_139.pdf



22.

Title: Phytopathological state of different species of Aesculus L. in western Lithuania climatic conditions

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Rita Nekrosiene, Dovile Paulauskaite (Klaipeda university)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Regina Skuodiene (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Vezaiciai Branch)

Abstract: The research was made in Botanical garden of Klaipėda University. Three species of the buckeye trees were investigated: horse–chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.), red horse–chestnut (A. x carnea Hayne) and red buckeye (A. pavia L.). The aim of this research was to establish which leaves diseases are found on the leaves of buckeye trees and which of three buckeye species are the most resistant to the leaves diseases. The research was started on the 1st of July in 2013 and it was continued to the 23rd of September in 2013. The observations were made every two weeks. The results of this research have shown that three types of leaves diseases were found: powdery mildew (caused by pathogen Erysiphe flexuosa), Diplodina aesculi and leaf blotch (caused by fungus Guignardia Aesculi). The research has also shown that the most resistant species of Aesculus genus is red buckeye (A. pavia L.). The species which has the most affected leaves is horse–chestnut (A. hippocastanum L.).

Keywords: buckeye leaves diseases, dissemination of leaves diseases, intensity of leaves diseases.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: NEKROSIENE, Rita; ir PAULAUSKAITE, Dovile. Phytopathological state of different species of Aesculus L. in western Lithuania climatic conditions. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5(10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p.  140-145. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_140_145.pdf



23.

Title: The influence of encirclement of other tree species on some spruce and pine growth and development indicators.

Author(s) of article (institution): Gediminas Palekas (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture)

Reviewer (institution): lector dr. Julius Backaitis (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Abstract:  In the mixed spruce and pine stands evaluate other species encirclement rate and tree position in the stand, measure tree diameter and estimated class of development. These data allow us to determine the spruce and pine encirclement influence on growth and development indicators. Also we determine how changes in spruce and pine diameter with increasing degree of contact between them. Analysis of the data observed that the greater influence of encirclement of other tree species is on spruce growth and development indicators. In most cases, there is a brighter and their absolute values change. Pine reacts to the encirclement much less.

Keywords: Norway spruce, Scots pine, tree diameter, other tree species encirclement rate, tree position in the stand.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: PALEKAS, Gedinimas. The influence of encirclement of other tree species on some spruce and pine growth and development indicators. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 146-150. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_146_150.pdf


24.

Title: Development of investigations medicinal plant diversity in medicinal plants collection 90-year period of Kaunas botanical garden at Vytautas Magnus university

Author(s) of article (institution): prof. dr. (HP) Ona Ragazinskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): prof. dr. Nijole Savickiene (Lithuaninian Healt Sciences university)

Abstract:  The development of scientific work of the period of 90 years (1924–2014), researching medicinal plants and designing their collections in Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University. Scientific researches of medicinal plants, the movements of researches, the designing of the collections have been changing according to the separate time stages and to the aspects of problems. There are three noteworthy stages of scientific researches: first – 1924–1949, second – 1949–1984, third – 1984–1999 and – 1999–2014. There is given scientific problems of separate stages and movement of researches, of scientific data: in publications, editions and scientific dissertations. The component of scientific work and the object of the research are at in the medicinal collections the plants.

Keywords: medicinal (aromatic plants (MAP), collections, biodiversity, introduction Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: RAGAZINSKIENE, Ona. Development of investigations medicinal plant diversity in medicinal plants collection 90-year period of Kaunas botanical garden at Vytautas Magnus university. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 151-156. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_151_156.pdf

 


25.

Title: The use of liming material with humic additives in acidic soils

Author(s) of article (institution): Dr. Regina Repsiene (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Vėžaičiai Branch), doc. dr. Danute Karcauskiene, prof. dr. Dalia Ambrazaitiene (Klaipeda University, Klaipeda State College)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Gintaras Siaudinis (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Vėžaičiai Branch)

Abstract: The paper presents the findings of different rates of calcareous material with humic additives on soil properties and crop productivity. Studies were conducted in Vėžaičiai Branch of the Lithuanian Agriculture and Forestry Research Centre, in 2012–2013. The research aim is to assess the impact of Kalktrąšė Hum liming material of different intensity on soil properties and productivity of perennial grasses. In Western Lithuania, after the decreasing of soil pH down to moderately acid (pHKCl 4.9–5.1) level, moraine loam Dystric Albeluvisol agrochemical parameters as well as plant productivity depended on Kalktrąšė Hum application rate level and the time elapsed from liming. The annual liming of acidic soil by relatively low Kalktrąšė Hum rates (0.5 and 1 t ha-1) in rotation chain (barley with undercrop → 1st growing year perennial grasses) had no significant effect on soil acidity indicators – pH and mobile Al. However, the tension for exchangeable Ca and Mg increase and hydrolytic acidity decrease trends noticed in compare with not limed soil. Soil microbial activity was greatest at the beginning of vegetation in limed (1.0 t ha-1) rate compared with not limed soil. Liming influenced the reduction of fungis. The highest perennial grass dry matter yield (3.85 t ha-1) as well as red clover (48,4 %) yield was obtained from the soil limed soil by Kalktrąšė Hum of 1.0 t ha-1 rate compared with not limed.

Keywords: liming material with humic additives, acidic soils, yield.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: REPSIENE, Regina; KARCIAUSKIENE, Danute; ir AMBRAZAITIENE,  Dalia. The use of liming material with humic additives in acidic soils. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 157-164. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_157_164.pdf


26.

Title: Influence of plant growth regulators on pansies’ (Viola x wittrockiana Gams) seedlings growing

Author(s) of article (institution): Post-graduate student Rasa Samajauskaite (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Vaclovas Makunas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Researches on influence of plant growth regulators on pansies’(Viola x wittrockiana Gams) seedlings growth were carried out from 30th June 2012 to 31st May 2013 in Plokščiai village, Šakiai district. The aim of the research is to analyse the influence of Stabilan and Florone growth regulators on pansies’ (Viola x wittrockiana Gams) seedlings growth. Pansies Swiss Giants ‘Ullswater Blue’ and ‘Coronation Gold’ (Viola x wittrockiana Gams) were grown in order to conduct this research. Solutions of concentrations of growth regulators Stabilan 0,20% and Florone 0,15,% 0,20%, 0,25%, 0,30% were used to undertake the study. The experiment of two factors was repeated four times, every repetition had 5 plants that were analysed. Pansies were grown outside. Seeds were sown in plastic seedbeds and sprouts that grew 2–3 true leaves were replanted in plastic pots that have 10 cm diameter. Universal peat substrate whose pH is 5,5–6,5 was used in order to do a research. The results of the research show that the usage of Stabilan 0,20 solutions of concentrations growth regulator had a positive essential influence on pansies ‘Coronation Gold’ at the beginning of vegetation period. Measurements of height, width of the plant and sizes of bloom were done when pansies started blooming. It was found that the usage of Florone and Stabilan growth regulators didn’t have essential influence on biometric indicators.

Keywords: pansy, inhibitors, growth regulation.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: SAMAJAUSKAITE, Rasa. Influence of plant growth regulators on pansies’ (Viola x wittrockiana Gams) seedlings growing. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 165-172. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_165_172.pdf


27.

Title: Pathogens that affected adversely street green plantings in Alytus city in 2009–2013

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: In 2009–2013 the condition of green plantings in Alytus city was observed. In this article is being presented the data of woody plants that grow in the city next to the streets diseases. To evaluated green plantings condition it was used complex trees condition evaluation method which was in forestry used method and was adapted for specific city conditions. Condition of all green plantings was evaluated every year in August. In 19 streets were detected 17 species pathogens that affect 12 species and 2 cultivars trees and bushes. Mostly detected diseases were: leaf spots (Apiognomonia, Mycoshaerella, Cercospora, Septoria, Phyllosticta, Marsonina and Rhytisma genus fungi) and powdery mildew (Erysiphe, Podosphaera and Sawadea genus fungi). Most of these diseases aren‘t very dangerous for the plants but they reduce plants dekoratyveness. Mostely by these diseases damaged are these plants: Acer negundo L. (disease agent – Phyllosticta negundicola Sacc.); Quercus robur L. (disease agent – Erysiphe alphitoides (Griffon & Maubl.) U. Braun & S. Takam); Tilia cordata Mill. (disease agent – Mycoshaerella microsora Syd. &P. Syd.). The same pathogens in street green plantings and in recreation green plantings evidence differently. The variety of pathogens species is bigger in recreation plantings because here growing conditions are better not only for the plants but also for the pathogen. Next to the streets growing trees have a smaller increment (usually powdery mildew agents locate on the young shoots) also the fallen leaves are being removed under the trees (fungi fruit bodies and spores stay on/in the leaves).

Keywords: disease agents, urban greenery, streets greenery.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: SNIESKIENE, Vilija. Pathogens that affected adversely street green plantings in Alytus city in 2009–2013. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 173-178. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_173_178.pdf



28.

Title: Most important diseases of woody plants in Kaunas city greenery and plantations

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University )

Abstract: In order to prevent, cultivate new city greeneries and plantations, to maintain the important features of the landscape, to form a full–fledged system of green areas, Kaunas, like many European Union countries, has implemented mandatory monitoring of urban plantation status. In accordance with the monitoring program of Kaunas city environment status for the year 2013–2017, in 2013 there was estimated plant status for 2114 woody plants (16 genus, 26 species, 3 varieties) at 62 permanent monitoring spots (32 protective street greeneries and 30 recreational plantations). Fungal pathogens are one of the most important biotic factors determining changes of the status. At the protective street plantations and recreational green plantations there were identified 14 species of fungal pathogens having a significant negative influence on plant status (average injury grade, V > 0). The influence of other pathogens was slight. Injuries of fungal diseases were not noticed on Acer ginnala, Padus avium, Tilia euchlora, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus monogyna, Robinia pseudoacacia, Quercus rubra, Ulmus suberosa. Most of the woody plants species were injured by sooty mildew agents (Fumago vagans, Cladosporium sp., etc): Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos, Acer negundo, Populus tremula, Quercus robur. Strongest injuries on plants were caused by scab: Salix alba ‘Tristis’ injuried Venturia saliciperda, avarage injury grade 2±2,24; Sorbus intermediaVenturia inaequalis 2±0,58 grades; Acer negundo – leaf spots of boxelder maple (Phyllosticta negundinis) 1,25±0,23 grades.

Keywords: fungal diseases, woody plants, street protective and recreational greenery and plantations, Kaunas.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: STANKEVICIENE, Antanina. Most important diseases of woody plants in Kaunas city greenery and plantations. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 179-184. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_179_184.pdf


29.

Title: Technology, analysis and acceptability of the drinks with rowan berry, tropical fruits and coffee beans

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Aldona Sugintiene, doc. dr. Ingrida Kraujutiene, doc. dr. Ausra Simoneliene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Ausra Steponaviciene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract:  The liqueur is the alcoholic sweet drink with aromatic spices and fruits extracts, juice and essential oils additives. Different kinds of plant raw material used for alcoholic drinks. The aim of this study was to produce spirits liqueur drink using rowan berry, tropical fruits, coffee intermediate (aromatic bitters), apple wine, alcohol and sugar; and evaluated quality and sensory properties. During the preparation of semi-product, for the experiment were selected rowan berries, tropical lemon and orange fruits and coffee beans, by extracting with 70.0% (by volume) ethanol. The alcoholic extract was prepared – an aromatic bitter. With this extract are given to the liqueur the color, aromatic and flavor properties. The sweetness was regulated with sugar solution melted in the apple wine. The spirits liqueur drink was produced with adequate quality parameters: alcoholic strength – 30.0% (by volume), sugar content 150.0 g/l, total extract – 150.0 g/l, titratable acidities – 6.5 g /l. The evaluation of sensory properties of liqueur the product was tested after 2 weeks. 27 panelists described the appearance (color, clearness), aroma and taste of this liqueur and the overall sensory evaluation and acceptability.

Keywords: rowan berries, tropical fruits, aromatic bitter, assessors.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: SUGINTIENE, Aldona; KRAUJUTIENE, Ingrida; ir SIMONELIENE, Ausra. Technology, analysis and acceptability of the drinks with rowan berry, tropical fruits and coffee beans. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 185-190. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_185_190.pdf



30.

Title: The influence of preceding crops on winter wheat yield analysis

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Aloyzas Seskas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Donatas Klimavicius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Aloyzas Seskas, a lecturer at the Kaunas University of Applied science, in 2009–2013 was performing an experiment on the influence off orecrop on winter wheat yield. The experiment was performed on the farm of farmer Antanas Isoda. The location of the farm is in the village of Piliuona, Kaunas region. The experiment is one agent or simple, because only one factor has been investigated, that is the influence of preceding crops on winter wheat harvest. This is a four version experiment with four repetitions which were arranged in a systematic way. The area of the field, where the experiment was performed, is 1 hectare and the area of a protective belt is 2 metres. The scheme of the four – version with the four repetitions is as follows: the 1st version’s (test) forecrop is bare fallow; the 2nd version’s forecrop is winter barley; the 3rd version’s forecrop is perennial grass; the 4th version’s forecrop is annual (lasting one year) grass. The experiment has lasted for three years and according to the results of production the conclusion is that the most suitable forecrop on growing winter wheat yield is the forecrop of annual grass, because the grain yield of the plants, which were grown after, was about 1t/ha richer than growing wheat after other forecrops.

Keywords: fertility, preplant, fallow, winter wheat.

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: SESKAS, Aloyzas. The influence of preceding crops on winter wheat yield analysis. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 191-194. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_191_194.pdf



31.

Title: Studies on the production of syrups for human nutrition enriched with fruit berry juice and other biologi¬cally active substances using natural honey invertase

Author(s) of article (institution): doc. dr. Ausra Simoneliene, doc. dr. Ingrida Kraujutiene, Lekt. Aldona Sugintiene (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Ernesta Treciokiene (Kauno kolegija/ University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract:  The manufacturing capabilities of food products with similar composition to honey and enriched with fruit berry juice and other biologically active substances were investigated. Natural honey invertase can be used in syrup production with similar composition of blossom honey. Fruit berry juice provides the products with natural colour and it has natural antioxidants. On this basis, it was sought to create a health–friendly product and establish some important technological parameters. Syrups were made using honey, sugar, cranberry and strawberry juice, vitamin C and prebiotic bacteria. It was decided to use strawberry and cranberry juice as they have good organoleptic properties and chemical composition. The aim of the research was to explore the possibilities of the production of foodstuffs with similar composition to honey and enriched with fruit berry juice and other biologically active substances. The product has been enriched with vitamin C. It was found that the content of vitamin C decreases intensively during the first week of storage. Later the loss of vitamin C decreases fractionally. The stability of vitamin C increases when the product is stored at the temperature from 5 to 10 ° C. The viscosity of inverted and juice containing syrups was higher than the syrup without juice. After the inversion the viscosity of stored products increases, so packaging is recommended immediately after the inversion. The crystallization process of samples stored at room temperature proceeds quickly. Pectic substances contained in the sample increase the viscosity of the product. It was found that the inverted syrup with strawberry and cranberry juice energy ranged from 1715.13 kJ/100 g to1769.32 kJ/100g. Enriching the inverted syrups with similar composition to honey with prebiotic bacteria that improve human intestinal microflora (Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bifidus) is not appropriate because the bacteria in a medium are not retained viable.

Keywords: fruit and berry juice, inverted syrup, vitamin C, healthy food, honey.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: SIMONELIENE, Ausra; Aldona; KRAUJUTIENE, Ingrida; ir SUGINTIENE. Studies on the production of syrups for human nutrition enriched with fruit berry juice and other biologi¬cally active substances using natural honey invertase. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 195-200. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_195_200.pdf



32.

Title: Condition of woody plants in the manorial park of Rudamina (Lazdijai district)

Author(s) of article (institution): Lector Irena Tulabiene (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences), dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Abstract: The plantations of the manorial park of Rudamina (Lazdijai district) were examined in the years 2010– 2012. Phytosanitary state of certain woody plants in the park was assessed, particularly, 12 species of local flora: Tilia cordata, Quercus robur, Betula pendula, Acer platanoides, Pinus sylvestris, Fraxinus excelsior, Pyrus pyraster, Picea abie, Carpinus betulu), Salix capre, Sambucus nigra and Ulmus laevis; 7 introduced species: Aeculus hippocastanum, Acer pseudoplatanus, Tilia platyphyllos, Sorbus intermedia, Larix decidua, Picea pungens and Populus canadensis; as well as one certain breed, Salix alba `Tristis`. In the years of the research, 2010–2013, the incidence of diseases and pests in the manorial park of Rudamina were rare, with the exception of Cameraria ohridella, whose average damage was up to 4. The most common diseases of leaves detected in the park are as follows: maple leaf tar spots (pathogen Rhytisma acerinum) whose average damage is from 2. 75 and oak powdery mildew (pathogen Microsphaera alphitoides) whose average damage is 2.5.

Keywords: woody plants, phytosanitary state, diseases, pests.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: TULABIENE, Irena; ir SNIESKIENE, Vilija. Condition of woody plants in the manorial park of Rudamina (Lazdijai district). Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 201-207. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_201_207.pdf



33.

Title: White mulberry (Morus alba L.) introduction in Kaunas botanical garden of Vytautas Magnus university

Author(s) of article (institution): Edita Turksiene (Vytautas Magnus Universitety Kaunas Botanical Garden)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava Experimental and Training Forest Enterprise )

Abstract: Age of the trees and their origin was object of study. Tree age has been determined by the radial increment measured with Pressler increment borer and analysis of plant identification cards. Planting of White Mullberies in Kaunas Botanical Garden started in 1935. The oldest trees survived to the present day were planted in 1948. Some trees have been planted in the sector of Pomology and the rest in the sector of Dendrology because Mulberry can be cultivated both as fruit and as ornamental tree. Number of White Mullberry trees growing in Kaunas Botanical Garden at the time of study was 20. Some of the tree trunks and branches were damaged by diseases.

Keywords: White Mulberry, introduction, VMU Kaunas Botanical Garden

The number of pages: 5

Reference list: TURSKIENE, Edita.  White mulberry (Morus alba L.) introduction in Kaunas botanical garden of Vytautas Magnus university. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 208-212. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_208_212.pdf



34.

Title: Growth comparative research of seedling of walnut species whose mostly growing in Lithuania

Author(s) of article (institution): dokt. Tadas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis university, Faculty of Forest science and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kaunas university of technology)

Abstract: Walnuts are very important plants, because their wood is highly valued furniture manufacturers, their nuts are high nutritional value, leaves are used in folk medicine. The successful cultivation of walnut trees by Lithuanian climatic conditions, it is important to determine the growth differences between walnut species. Juglans regia, Juglans cinerea, Juglans nigra, Juglans cordiformis and Juglans mandshurica are mostly grown in Lithuania. Research was pursued in 2011–2013. It was found that the best sprout seedlings of Juglans cordiformis and Juglans mandshurica, germinated poorly seedlings of Juglans nigra and Juglans regia. Juglans cinerea germination was 60%. The best growth in height and diameter in two years reached seedlings of Juglans mandshurica, Juglans cinerea and Juglans cordiformis, least growth – seedlings of Juglans regia and Juglans nigra.

Keywords: walnut species, walnut germination, height and diameter growth.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: VAIDELYS, Tadas. Growth comparative research of seedling of walnut species whose mostly growing in Lithuania. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 214-219. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_214_219.pdf



35.

Title: Unic eco furniture design of plant origin structural materials

Author(s) of article (institution): lector Inga Valentiniene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): lector Jolanta Margeliene (Kauno Kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Eco furniture is produced of particle board that is formed and made ecologically, or it’s made of natural raw mixture’s mass elements that have been cast, pressed or hand-formed. Synthetic resins or glue are used for strengthening forest, non-fibrous agriculture or farm waste particles, and cellulose is possibly the binder for fibrous plants, wood particle and paper mass. For this reason, cellulose products are more valuable on ecological aspect. Various countries pick different (specific to certain geographical disposition) materials and processing technologies. It depends on local experience, ethnic knowledge and traditions creating sustainable development. Speaking about the overall sustainability of the Earth’s resources or about country’s ecological and economical problems, it would be appropriate to revive the cultivation of fiber plants inLithuaniaand adapt their raw materials to furniture production. Mainly because we have deep cultivation traditions, enough knowledge about cultivation technologies, specialized machinery, local primary recycling companies. The climate in the country is perfect for cultivation of flax, hemp and nettle, which physical properties are suitable not only for the textile, but also for furniture industry. The examples of products of various configurations or combinations can be found in paper furniture series. It’s interesting that paper inLithuaniaearlier was made of hemp, nettle, flax exactly, and sometimes even of moss or straw. So, it means if it’s possible to produce ecological furniture of paper, it’s also possible to make them of valuable fiber plants that are starting to be forgotten in our country. Modern technology makes it possible not only to study and acknowledge the riches of their lands, but using it ecologically produce ecological products.

Keywords: Eco Furniture, Eco Gesign, fiber plants, flax, hemp and nettle fiber, bio-fiber panels.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: VALENTINIENE, Inga. Unic eco furniture design of plant origin structural materials. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5 (10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2014, p. 220-225. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language of the article: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2014_220_225.pdf





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