Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment: scientific articles (6) 11

Other issues of scientific articles
Lithuanian

.

Editorial Committee

Dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava experimental and training forest enterprise)
prof. habil. Dr. Jurgis Bucas (Kaunas University of Technology)
prof. Dr. (HP) Honorata Danilcenko (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)
doc. Dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
doc. Dr. Eugenijus Jonaitis (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences)
academic Dr. habil. Stasys Karazija (Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
prof. Dr. habil. Vida Mildaziene (Vytauto Magnus University)
lecturer Donatas Misiunas (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences) (responsible editor)
prof. Dr. Evaldas Vylius Navys (Vilniaus University, association „Zaliuojanti Vilnija“)
prof. Dr. Ona Ragazinskiene (Vytauto Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden)
Dr. Nobertas Uselis (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
lecturer Jonas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis University) (managing editor)
Dr. Regina Vasinauskiene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Adress of Editorial Comittee
Gardening and Agrotechnologies Department of Technologies and Landscaping Faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences
Pramones pr. 22, LT–50387 Kaunas
E.mail.: donatas.misiunas@go.kauko.lt

Publication type: scientific articles

Title: Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment = Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment

Publisher: Department of Gardening and Agro-technologies of Technologies and Landscaping faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences

ISSN: 2029-1906 (print); ISSN 2335-7282 (online)

Year of publication (volume) issue: 2015 (6) 11
Articles are reviewed and edited by one peer reviewer and one anonymous peer reviewer.

Articles were published online on 16th April 2015
Reference citations: CAB Abstracts, Global Health, CABI Full Text.


1. 

Title: Autumn flowering woody plants in Dubrava arboretum

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Valerija Baroniene (Dubrava experimental training forest enterprise)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: At present time there are little autumn flowering woody plants in our settlements and cities. Although such species and cultivars are not many, but not all of the existing are known and popular. 61 species and cultivars of autumn flowering trees and shrubs are grown in Dubrava Arboretum, mostly of Rosaceae Juss. (32 taxa, among them 28 cultivars of Potentilla fruticosa L.), Hydrangeaceae Dumort. (8 taxa) and Caprifoliaceae Juss. (8 taxa too) families. Almost the same number of woody plants flower in the autumn sparsely, repeatedly or only in some years under the right environmental conditions. The majority of the plants are adapted enough to Lithuanian growing conditions, winter hardy and resistant to pests and diseases, so they can be grown all over our country. .

Keywords: woody plants, Dubrava Arboretum, flowering.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: BARONIENE, Valerija. Autumn flowering woody plants in Dubrava arboretum. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p. 9-15. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_9_15.pdf


2.

Title: The influence of controlled release nitrogen fertilizers and their rates on biological value and storage of red beet

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Ona Bundiniene, junior scientific worker  Vytautas Zalatorius, Roma Starkute, dr. Danguole Kavaliauskaite (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Institute of Horticulture )

Reviewer (institution): dr. Jule Jankauskiene (Institute of Horticulture of Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry )

Abstract: Investigations were carried out at the experimental fields of LRCAF Institute of Horticulture in 2009–2011. There was evaluated the influence of a controlled-release nitrogen fertilizers ((with urea-methylene nitrification inhibitor, trade name Sirflor 39,5N and calcium ammonium nitre with zeolite (clinoptilolite)) and their rates on beetroot ‘Boro’ F1 productivity, roots biological value and storage. Soil – calcaric epihypogleyic luvisol of sandy loam on light loam, with low and average amount of humus, low amount of nitrogen and rich and very rich in mobile phosphorus, average and rich amount of potassium, rich in calcium and magnesium. All the nitrogen fertilizer increased the marketable yield of red beets. The biggest marketable yield (56.2 t ha-1) was obtained, fertilizing with controlled-release fertilizer Sirflor 39,5N (N120) before sowing. Similar yields (55.4 t ha-1) were obtained due to the application of calcium ammonium nitre with zeolite, using N120. Marketable yield of red beet compared with the reduced nitrogen rate (N90) decreased by an average of 4.2 t ha-1, or 8.2 %, output of marketable yield – 5.9 %, compared with fertilized with ammonium nitre – of 7.3; 14.9 and 4.6, respectively. Fertilizing with nitrogen twice, using ammonium nitre or fertilizing once, using controlled-release fertilizers had no effect on the storability of root-crop of red beet. But grown biger marketable yield guaranteed larger commercial production levels. Fertilization with nitrogen, fertilized twice with ammonium nitre, or using of a controlled-release fertilizers the once over them before sowing red beets, reduced the content of dry matter, dry soluble solids and sugar, but increased the amount of nitrate in root crop compared with indicators derived fertilization with PK or just growing red beets without fertilizer. The dry weight content reduced the increase in the marketable yield of red beet (r = -0,64*). Analogy to marketable yield was influenced by soluble solids (r = -0,64*) and sugars (r = -0,46*), but increased of marketable yield increased nitrate content in crop-root of red beet (r = 0,64*). Meteorological conditions during the vegetation period of growing years affected biochemical composition of root crop of red beet and storage of marketable yield.

Keywords: biochemical composition, controlled-release fertilizers, rates of fertilization, red beet, storage.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: BUNDINIENE, Ona, et al.  The influence of controlled release nitrogen fertilizers and their rates on biological value and storage of red beet. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  16-22. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_16_22.pdf


3.

Title: The characterization descriptors of tulips (Tulipa L.) cultivars

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Stase Dapkuniene (Plant Gene Bank, Vilnius University Botanical Garden), dr. Regina Juodkaite (2Vilnius University Botanical Garden), dr. Ona Motiejunaite (Vilniaus kolegija / University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Agrotechnologies)

Reviewer (institution): lecturer Jonas Vaidelys, Institute of Agricultural and Food sciences, Aleksandras Stulginskis University

Abstract: The genus Tulipa involve about 100-140 species spread in all world. The flower breeders Petras Balčikonis, Anupras Karla, Antanina Zviaginceva, Mykolas Radzevičius, Emilija Tarvidienė, Jonas Tarvidas, Jonas Auksuolis Liutkevičius and others created cultivars of tulips whose can be attribute to national plant genetic resources. When plant is granted this status, the documents of the set form and meeting the Bioversity International (BI) requirements are prepared. The Characterization descriptors is one of this documents. We expect that the tulips characterization descriptor prepared according BI advice and referring the UPOV (Union pour la Protection des Obtentions Vegétales) guidelines which is presented in this article will help to distinguish among different clematis phenotypes that are easily visible to naked eye and occur equally under different environmental conditions. The tulips characterization descriptor consists of the evaluation of vegetative and generative parts of plant. The most suitable criterions to describe a vegetative part of the plant are the height of plant, the peduncle number, the peduncle coloration, the hairness and robustness of pedunle, the shape, color variegation and distribution and hairness of leaf blade, character of leaf margin, secondary color, the shape of bulbs and color of cover shell. The most suitable criterions to describe a generative part of the plant are the following ones: type of flower, flower shape, stability of flower form, flower length, similitude of petals, character of petal margin and fringe, position of fringle on petals, number of color on outer side of petals, main color of flower, character of distribution of secondary color, figure form of bottom on inner side of flower and botton colorisation, corisation of all elements of stamens and pistils, odor of flower.

Keywords: tulipa, characterization descriptor, morphological and ornamental traits.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  DAPKUNIENE, Stasė; JUODKAITE, Regina; ir MOTIEJUNAITE, Ona. The characterization descriptors of tulips (Tulipa L.) cultivars. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6  (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  23-29. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_23_29.pdf


4.

Straipsnio pavadinimas: Walking paths as recriation space

Author(s) of article (institution): lecturer Vida Gerikiene (Klaipeda State College), dr. Jurga Kucinskiene (Klaipeda University, Klaipeda State College), dr. Diana Baravykaite (Klaipeda State College)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Rita Nekrosiene, Klaipeda University

Abstract: Different uses of urban green areas are the most important objects of landscape architecture. We are talking about parks, squares, pedestrian paths, alleys, boulevards and others. Planning new or reforming the old green areas we need to solve many of the economic, technical, sanitary-hygiene, architectural and artistic challenges. The aim of sustainable urban development is to improve communication, to meet the needs of city residents or their guests’ and ensure a harmonious urban landscape formation. The article discusses about the urban public spaces, pedestrian paths, alleys, boulevards development and their realization principles. The European major cities pedestrian malls solutions are not only example of the sustainable landscape development model, but also the example of social conflict resolution. Lithuania’s approach to these spaces design solutions are more oriented as part of a connection system, but not for the rest.

Keywords: public spaces, walking trail, avenues, boulevards, pedestrian street area, city, greenery.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  GERIKIENE, Vida, KUCINSKIENE, Jurga; ir BARAVYKAITE, Diana. Walking paths as recriation space. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  30-36. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_30_36.pdf


5.

Title: Investigation of hemp growth dynamics

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Zofija Jankauskiene (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Upytė Experimental Station), dr. Elvyra Gruzdevienė (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Upytė Experimental Station), Ernestas Maumevičius (Aleksandras Stulginskis University), Iryna M. Layko (Research Station of Bast Crops of IA Northern East NAAS)

Reviewer (institution): lecturer Jolanta Margeliene, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences

Abstract: The investigation of dynamics of industrial hemp growth was carried out in 2014 at the Upytė Experimental Station of the LRCAF. Two varieties of industrial hemp (USO 31 and Bialobrzeskie) have been sown at different rate (45 kg ha-1 and 70 kg ha-1). Plant height was measured once in 2 weeks starting since full crop germination. The results of the investigation show that only at the beginning of growing period (BBCH 1010 and BBCH 1016) significant differences in plant height have been found between plants sown at different rates – plants sown at higher rate were taller. Variety (of two tested), as a Factor, didn’t have any significant influence on plant growth. Few tendencies have been pointed out. At the beginning of vegetation period plants of variety Bialobrzeskie grew more rapidly, later on – plants of variety USO 31 overcome plants of variety Bialobrzeskie. Plants were slightly taller when they have been sown at higher seed rate. Over the growing period the alteration of hemp height was saltatory.

Keywords: hemp, plant height, seed rate, varieties.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list:  JANKAUSKIENE, Zofija, et al. Investigation of hemp growth dynamics.  Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  37-44. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_37_44.pdf


 

6.

Title: Dendrological and landscape evaluation of parks in Marijampole town

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Laimutis Januskevicius (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Valerija Baroniene, Dubrava experimental training forest enterprise

Abstract: In the period of 2010 – 2014 were explored 5 parks with decorative greenery in Marijampole town: Marijampole College (Kvietiskis) park, Vytautas park, Sea, Pasesupis and Poetry parks also. According the structure of the plan, these greenery can be grouped as follows: geometric structure of the plan – 1 greenery (Vytautas park), mixed structure of the plan – 2 places (Poetry and Marijampole College parks), landscape structure of the plan – 2 places (Sea and Pasesupis parks). Totally, in the city decorative greenery places grow 135 species and taxa of lower rank cultivars of introduced woody plants (Pinophyta – 12 families and 29 genera, Magnoliophyta – 60 and 34). Best represented families are: Cupressanceae Rich. ex Bartling. – 17 taxa (3 species and 22 decorative forms), Rosaceae Juss. – 8 (3 and 5), Salicaceae Mirb. – 9 (7 and 2), Aceraceae Juss. – 8 (3 and 5) and Oleaceae Hoffsgg. et Link – 6 (5 and 1). The most valuable Marijampole town places in terms of landscape architecture of greenery are Poetry, Pasesupis anr Sea parks. The reason is singularities of very natural frame: alongside flowing river Sesupe (Poetry and Pasesupis parks), imaginative watercourse Jevonis (Poetry park)..

Keywords: park, square, species, cultivar.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list:  JANUSKEVICIUS, Laimutis.  Dendrological and landscape evaluation of parks in Marijampole town. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p. 45-52. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_45_52.pdf


7.

Title: A comparison of vineyards soil temperatures in southern Finland and Estonia

Author(s) of article (institution): Juha Karvonen (University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Romutė Mikucioniene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Abstract: In recent decades, the cultivation of grapevines for wine production has been undertaken in Scandinavia and in the Baltic countries. This study measured vineyard soil temperatures in Southern Finland (Tuusula) and Estonia (Räpina) throughout the year. During the coldest months of January, February and March, soil temperatures at depths of 25 cm and 45 cm were 0 °C or higher in both localities, so the roots of the vines did not freeze. In April, in Tuusula, the mean temperature of the soil was significantly lower than in Räpina (P < 0.001). This difference grew smaller during the growing season, but remained in Tuusula significantly lower than in Räpina (P < 0.001). The Estonian locality Räpina fits the warmer ‘frigid’ temperature regime, and the southern Finnish locality Tuusula is cryic. However, it did not prevent grapevines from survival from winter, nor the cultivation of grapevines using suitable varieties in these regions.

Keywords: grapevines, soil temperature, Tuusula, Räpina.

The number of pages: 4

Reference list: KARVONEN, Juha. A comparison of vineyards soil temperatures in southern Finland and Estonia. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  53-56. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: English

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_53_56.pdf



8.

Title: Propagation of clonal apple rootstocks

Author(s) of article (institution): lecturer Donatas Klimavicius, lecturer Nijole Jurksaitiene (Kauno kolegija)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Regina Vasinauskiene, Aleksandras Stulginskis University

Abstract: In 2014 it was carried out research on propagation of apple trees by various growth hardwood rootstock cuttings in orchard of Technologies and Landscaping Faculty of Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences. It was used layering propagation method on M.26, M.9, B.396 rootstocks. Rootstocks were evaluated by rooting, shoots number and height, root collar thickness, number of roots and length. The research was carried out on environmental factors as temperature and rainfall. The rootstocks were planted using the 1.2 x 0.5 m planting scheme. The study determined the number of productive rootstocks and their quality.

Keywords: rootstock, vegetative propagation, apple tree, environmental factors.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list: KLIMAVICIUS, Donatas; ir JURKSAITIENE Nijole. Propagation of clonal apple rootstocks. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  57-61. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_57_61.pdf



 

9.

Title: Mint genus of biological diversity and properties of incorporation plantations investigation

Author(s) of article (institution): Junior scientific worker Nijole Marockiene (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry), lecturer Laima Markeviciene (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences, Technology and Landscaping faculty)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Jule Jankauskiene, Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry

Abstract: In 2010-2012,InstituteofHorticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, was investigated in mint genus of perennial herbs, seasonal patterns of development phase, morphological features and usability tree stands. Research items were selected five different origins mint genus of perennial plant species: spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) from Lithuania, hairy mint (Mentha crispa L.) from Belarus, round leaves mint (Mentha rotundifolia (L.) Huds.) from Belarus, peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) from Poland, peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) from Lithuania.

Keywords: Mentha spicata L., Mentha crispa L, Mentha rotundifolia (L.) Huds.), Mentha x piperita L., morphological and decorative features.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: MAROCKIENE, Nijole; ir MARKEVICIENE, Laima.  Mint genus of biological diversity and properties of incorporation plantations investigation. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  62-69. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_62_69.pdf


 

10.

Title: The green ethnocultural heritage of homesteads in the context of the cultural heritage criteria for authenticity expression

Author(s) of article (institution):  doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Jurga Kucinskiene, Klaipeda University

Abstract: In previous studies, the author found that the objects of cultural heritage and ethnic architecture valued ignoring they contain greenery and is not included in the object of evaluation composite sharpness, exposition power of local uniqueness, functional and compositional relationship with the environment and other values, although the plants and their composition must an undeniable influence on the target object, and the spatial structure of the content and its relation to the surrounding environment. This paper briefly presents the heritage value of the evaluation criteria and the authenticity aspect, describing the evaluation of ethno-cultural object by primeval material, performance, shape and surround settings. The possibility of these parameters for the architectural complex, adjust the homestead green areas like green ethno-cultural heritage, establishing criteria for the assessment of the value and identification features.

Keywords: homestead greenery, the landscape of green ethnic cultural heritage, authenticity, evaluation criteria, identification signs.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list: MISIUS, Romualdas. The green ethnocultural heritage of homesteads in the context of the cultural heritage criteria for authenticity expression. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  70-77. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: technology

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_70_77.pdf


 

11.

Title: Creation of innovative cultivation technologies of medicinal aromatic plants for medicinal herbs growing development in Lithuania

Author(s) of article (institution): prof. dr. (HP) Ona Ragazinskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): prof. habil. dr. Nijole Savickiene, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences

Abstract: Rapid development of the herbal medicine in Lithuania is increasing its, as a plant-growth branch, requirements for scientific studies and knowledge spread, because of the lack of the qualified specialist. Students, medicinal plant growers and specialists have to learn methods of medicinal plants cultivation, qualitative raw material preparation and scientific field experiment methods of properties of perspective medicinal plants. Test data is valuable when experiment is done following scientific work requirements. Received data is analyzed using mathematical-statistical methods. While developing herbal medicine in various geographical regions of Lithuania, there is a lack of medicinal plants cultivation observations and their biological properties researches in field experiments.

Keywords: medicinal plants, knowledge, raw material, innovative cultivation technologies.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list:  RAGAZINSKIENE, Ona. Creation of innovative cultivation technologies of medicinal aromatic plants for medicinal herbs growing development in Lithuania. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  78-81. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_78_81.pdf


12.

Title: Efficiency of granular organic origin fertilizers on carrot productivity

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Regina Repsiene (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Vezaiciai Branch, Klaipeda State College, Faculty of Technologies), doc. dr. Danute Karcauskiene (Klaipeda State College, Faculty of Technologies, Klaipeda University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Kazimieras Katutis, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Vezaiciai Branch

Abstract:  When growing organic vegetables of exceptional quality, not only it is important to get rich harvest, but also proper, timely and balanced fertilization of them, without reducing soil fertility. This requires the use of not only mineral but also organic fertilizers. The paper presents the research data concerning the efficiency of organic origin fertilizers to carrot productivity, their biochemical indicators and soil chemical characteristics. Research was carried out at Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Vėžaičiai branch in 2014. The purpose of research was to evaluate the efficiency of granular organic origin fertilizer Ekoefekt to carrots (Daucus sativus Röhl.) productivity under various fertilization rates. The biggest (36.14 t ha-1) carrot roots yield and the highest number (75 %) of standard roots was obtained by fertilizing with Ekoefekt at the rate of 1.0 t ha-1. By applying this fertilization rate, the highest amount of soluble dry matter and the lowest amount of nitrates was obtained. The tendency of increase of mobile potassium and mobile phosphorus was identified in the soil with relatively largest (1.0 t ha-1) rate of Ekoefekt. No change of other agrochemical indicators, caused by Ekoefekt fertilizer, has been identified.

Keywords: granular organic fertilizers, carrots productivity, soil chemical characteristics.

The number of pages: 8

Reference list:  REPSIENE, Regina; ir KARCAUSKIENE, Danute. Efficiency of granular organic origin fertilizers on carrot productivity. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  82-89. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_82_89.pdf


13.

Title: Diseases of woody broadleaves medicinal plants which damages parts of the plants used for pharmacy raw material

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene, Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University

Abstract: In the year 2009–2014 it was assessed the phytopathological condition of 47 species of woody broadleaves plants which are being used in traditional and folk medicine. The research was done in Kaunas (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University and in cities green plantings) and Alytus (cities green plantings) cities. It was detected and identified 73 fungi species which damages 30 species plants parts which are being used for pharmacy raw material. Mostly these diseases were detected: spots and powdery mildews.

Keywords: woody medicinal plants, diseases, diseases agent.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:   SNIESKIENE, Vilija. Diseases of woody broadleaves medicinal plants which damages parts of the plants used for pharmacy raw material. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  90-96. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_90_96.pdf


14.

Title: Powdery mildew fungi injuring woody plants at city greeneries

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene (Kaunas botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Vilija Snieskiene, Kaunas botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University

Abstract: In 2009–2014 the monitoring of woody plants at city streets protective greeneries (1547 plants investigated – 28 genus, 33 species, 3 breeds) and recreational green plantations (4040 plants investigated – 57 genus, 98 species, 30 breeds) was proceeded. There were powdery mildew agents of 4 genus and 10 species injuring plants identified. Widest variety presented Erysiphe (8 species): E. alphitoides, E. berberidis, E. euonymi, E. flexuosa, E. penicillata, E. syringae. Rare in Lithuania Phyllactinia sp. was found on Fraxinus exelsior grown in streets. Most severe injuries in recreational green plantations on Acer ginnala (1.08–3.33 grade) was done by fungi Sawadaea bicornis. Mildew injuries were seen done by A. platanoides and its breeds on Sawadaea tulasnei 13.22 grades.

Keywords: powdery mildew fungi, greenery, spread.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: STANKEVICIENE, Antanina. Powdery mildew fungi injuring woody plants at city greeneries. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  97-103. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_97_103.pdf


15.

Title: The influence of food waste composition on compost’s quality, physicochemical and safety characteristics

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Alvija Salaseviciene, lecturer. Irina Koscelkovskiene (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Landscaping Faculty)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Regina Vasinauskiene, Aleksandras Stulginskis University

Abstract: The composting market is overloaded with composting machinery using different composting techniques. However, not all the equipment and methods are suitable for composting food waste which has to bet converted in to soil not only effective but also safe. Oxygen availability and high temperature composting process is highly recommended for food waste degradation. By the measures of the experiment it was proved that the high temperature aerobic composting method enabled to reach +70 ° C temperature of the compost biomass. It is there for possible to compost food waste of animal origin, and the resulting compost is safe and complies with the microbiological, parasitological and physical-chemical legislative requirements.

Keywords: high temperature aerobic composting, animal origin food wastes, safety.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  SALASEVICIENE, Alvija; ir KOSCELKOVSKIENE, Irina. The influence of food waste composition on compost’s quality, physicochemical and safety characteristics. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  104-110. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_104_110.pdf


16.

Title: Condition of woody plants in Naugardiskiai park of Kaunas district

Author(s) of article (institution): lecturer Irena Tulabiene (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences), dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Antanina Stankeviciene, Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University

Abstract: Between the years 2013 and 2014, plantations were examined in Naugardiškiai Park in Aleksotas subdistrict, Kaunas. The park was established in 1959 by the local residents and occupies the area of 2.3 ha. Majority of trees belong to local flora (8 species), however, there are some introduced plants (8 species), which grow individually or in small groups, in the park too. The state of all woody plants in the park was evaluated: morphological index of state (defoliation, discoloration, amount of dry branches in crowns and leaves necrosis), intensity of diseases and pests. Most park plantations were in a good condition between the years 2013 and 2014. Leaves diseases had a slight impact on esthetical view of the tees, but had no influence on their state. The greatest damage by pests (Cameraria ohridella) was done to chestnuts: discoloration of their leaves reached approximately 4 points in the middle of summer.

Keywords: Naugardiškiai Park, green plantations, diseases, pests.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: TULABIENE, Irena; ir SNIESKIENE, Vilija.  Condition of woody plants in Naugardiskiai park of Kaunas district. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  111-117. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_111_117.pdf


17.

Title: Analysis of changes of flowers assortment of common parterres of Radviliskis, Kedainiai and Panevezys

Author(s) of article (institution): lecturer Jonas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Institute of Agricultural and Food science), lecturer Donatas Misiunas (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

Reviewer (institution): doc.dr. Laimutis Januskevicius, Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences

Abstract: An assortment of field flowers of common parterres of Radviliškis, Kėdainiai and Panevėžys cities were researched in 2012–2013. The received results are compared with data of the research carried out in 1980–1983. It has been determined that the assortment of field flowers decreased in all cities (41.18 % in Radviliškis; 73.68 % in Kėdainiai and 30.56 % in Panevežys) comparing research results of 1980–1983 and 2012–2013 periods. The assortment of field flowers changed also by bioecological groups in these cities. It was determined, that increased annual flower assortment from 38.11 % to 38.96 %, bennial flower assortment from 3.7 % to 13.20 %, no hardy perennial flower assortment from 5.45 % to 23.07 %, decreased perennial flower assortment from 49.23 % to 20.23 %. This can be explained by the tendency to grow more expensive, but longer decorative flowers. Field flower assortment is formed regardless of the cost-effectiveness criterion, forgetting the educational aspect of society.

Keywords: flower assortment, assortment change, taxa, bioecological group.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  VAIDELYS, Jonas; ir MISIUNAS, Donatas. Analysis of changes of flowers assortment of common parterres of Radviliskis, Kedainiai and Panevezys. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  118-124. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_118_124.pdf


 

 18.

Title:  Transplant affect comparative research of seedling of walnut species whose growing in Lithuania

Author(s) of article (institution):  doctorant Tadas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture )

Reviewer (institution): dr. Gerda Silingiene, Aleksandras Stulginskis University

Abstract: Walnuts are very important plants, because their nuts are high nutritional, their wood is highly valued furniture manufacturers. The successful cultivation of walnut trees by Lithuanian climatic conditions, it is important to determine the growth differences between walnut species. Transplant age is very important for optimal seedling growth. Research was pursued in 2010–2014. It was found that fast growing species of walnuts (Juglans cordiformis and Juglans mandshurica) with open roots worth transplanting 1–2 years of age, slower growing species of walnuts (Juglans nigra, Juglans regia and Juglans cinerea) – 2–3 years of age. Then transplanting plants experiencing the lowest stress – their growth in height and diameter are less influenced. During the late transplantation of fast growing species of walnuts, their promotes greater growth of lateral sprout, then seedling care becomes more expensive.

Keywords: walnut species, transplantation with open roots, height and diameter growth.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: VAIDELYS, Tadas. Transplant affect comparative research of seedling of walnut species whose growing in Lithuania. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  125-131. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_125_131.pdf



 

19.

Title: Comparative research on software for assessment of leaf morphological attributes of woody plants

Author(s) of article (institution):   doctorant Tadas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture)

Reviewer (institution): lecturer Donatas Misiunas (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)

Abstract: Softwares becomes very important for woody plants research every day, because accelerates and facilitates data collection and analysis. It’s very important to choose the most suitable software for leaf morphological research. Leaf area of Quercus robur, Betula pendula, Acer platanoides and Tilia cordata were assessed by these softwares: Black Spot, Compu Eye, ImageJ and Lamina (leaf collected in autumn). The research showed that there is no universal software. Some software are better for one tree species, some for other tree species. The similar results showed data of leaf area of Quercus robur, Betula pendula, and Tilia cordata. The results of leaf area of Acer platanoides are more contradictory.

Keywords: software, leaf morfological attributes, leaf area.

The number of pages: 7

Reference list:  VAIDELYS, Tadas. Comparative research on software for assessment of leaf morphological attributes of woody plants. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  132-138. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_132_138.pdf


20.

Title: The effect of water steam on soil organic matter changes in the thermal weed control technology

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Regina Vasinauskiene (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences, Aleksandras Stulginskis University), Nomeda Sabiene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Rasa Cingienė, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Safety

Abstract: Thermal weed control by water steam – green and efficient technology for crop protection. Water steam, using the potential crop assessment carried out some temperature thermal diffusion in the affected soil layer, to investigate the effect of water steam plant. However the impact of the soil ecosystem and its quality has not been studied. The aim of the research was to investigate the thermal weed control technologies applicable to water steam effects on soil organic matter metabolism parameters change. In laboratory conditions, the soil was treated with water steam for 0 (control), 1, 3 and 5 seconds. Temperature spread was measured to depth of 3 cm. Moist water vapour diffusion the temperature was measured in the soil of 3cm depth. It was found that the thermal effect of the soil is only to 0.5 cm during 5 s. The results showed that thermal effect of water steam increased rates of soil organic matter decomposition and nitrification led to soil acidification.

Keywords: Thermal weed control, water steam, temperature, dissolved organic matter, nitrogen cycling, pH

The number of pages: 7

Reference list: VASINAUSKIENE, Regina; ir SABIENE, Nomeda. The effect of water steam on soil organic matter changes in the thermal weed control technology. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 6 (11). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  139-145. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_139_145.pdf



21.

Title: The influence of water steam to microscopic fungi of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) seed environment

Author(s) of article (institution): dr. Regina Vasinauskiene (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences, Aleksandras Stulginskis University), dr. Vilija Snieskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University), dr. Antanina Stankevicienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University), prof. dr. (HP)  Ona Ragazinskiene (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University), dr. Gerda Silingiene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Reviewer (institution): dr. Laima Cesoniene, Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University

Abstract: The influence of 1000 C wet water steam on Echinacea purpure (L) seeds mycological contamination was analyzed in Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University in 2014. The seeds were exposed to a wet water steam from 1 s to 4 s. Microscopic fungi where tested in the seeds’ environment after exposure. Aspergillus spp. (50 %), Mucor spp. (up to 28.75 %) and Fusarium sp. (7.5 %) were dominated on Echinacea purpurea seeds witch were not affected by the steam (control). It was found that, the wet steam environment efficiency depends on the duration of exposure, which means that lengthening of the wet steam exposure time surely decreased mycological contamination. After 4 s effect of wet water vapor, Mucor spp. and Fusarium spp., were destroyed, and Aspergillus spp. decreased to 2.5 %.

Keywords: wet water vapour, microscopic fungi, Echinacea purpurea, seeds.

The number of pages: 6

Reference list:  VASINAUSKIENE, Regina, et al. The influence of water steam to microscopic fungi of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) seed environment. Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment: scientific articles. 5(10). Kaunas: Printing House of Kauno kolegija/University of applied sciences, 2015, p.  146-151. ISSN 2029-1906.

Language: lithuanian

Field of sciences: biomedicine

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2015_146_151.pdf