Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment: scientific articles (8) 13

Other issues of scientific articles
Lithuanian

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Editorial Committee

Dr. Valerija Baronienė (Dubrava experimental and training forest enterprise)
prof. habil. Dr. Jurgis Bučas (Kaunas University of Technology)
prof. Dr. (HP) Honorata Danilčenko (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)
doc. Dr. Laimutis Januškevičius (Kaunas University of Technology, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences)
doc. Dr. Eugenijus Jonaitis (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences)
academic Dr. habil. Stasys Karazija (Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
doc. dr. Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences)
prof. Dr. habil. Vida Mildažienė (Vytauto Magnus University)
lecturer Donatas Misiūnas (Kauno kolegija / University of Applied Sciences) (responsible editor)
prof. Dr. Evaldas Vylius Navys (Vilniaus University, association „Žaliuojanti Vilnija“)
prof. Dr. Ona Ragažinskienė (Vytauto Magnus University, Kaunas Botanical Garden)
Dr. Nobertas Uselis (Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry)
lecturer Jonas Vaidelys (Aleksandras Stulginskis University) (managing editor)
Dr. Regina Vasinauskienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University)

Adress of Editorial Comittee
Department of Environmental Engineering of Technologies Faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences
Pramones pr. 22, LT–50387 Kaunas
E.mail.: donatas.misiunas@go.kauko.lt

Publication type: scientific articles

Title: Optimization of ornamental and garden plant assortment, technologies and environment = Optimization of Ornamental and Garden Plant Assortment, Technologies and Environment

Publisher: Department of Gardening and Agro-technologies of Technologies and Landscaping faculty of Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences

ISSN: 2029-1906 (print); ISSN 2335-7282 (online)

Year of publication (volume) issue: 2017 (8) 13
Articles are reviewed and edited by one peer reviewer and one anonymous peer reviewer.

Articles were published online on 28th April 2017
Reference citations: CAB Abstracts, Global Health, CABI Full Text.


1. 

Title: RESEARCH OF TREATING PRECEDING CROP RESIDUES WITH DIFFERENT NITROGEN FERTILIZERS AND HUMIC SUBSTANCES AND INFLUENCE OF THEIR APPLICATION RATES ON PRODUCTION QUALITY AND YIELD.

Author(s) of article (institution): Ona Bundinienė, Roma Starkutė, Vytautas Zalatorius, Nijolė Maročkienė (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Institute of Horticulture).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Julė Jankauskienė, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Institute of Horticulture.

Abstract: The experiments of the influence of different nitrogen fertilizers, humic substances and their mixtures on plant productivity and variations of soil properties were carried out in the trial field of the Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture, and Forestry. The soil was loamy low-carbonaceous leached soil IDg8-k / Calc(ar)i- Epihypogleyic Luvisols – LVg-p-w-cc). Topsoil depth – down to 25–26 cm. The highest marketable and dry matter yield of white cabbage (59.3 t ha-1 and 5.0 t ha-‍1) was obtained by having treated the preceding crop residues (stubble and chopped straw) with nitrogen fertilizer and humic substances (20 l ha-1 of Humistar) and 50 kg ha-1 of ammonium nitre and 10 l ha-1 Humistar and 40 kg ha-1 urea (respectively 58,4 t ha-1 and 5,2 t ha-1) Rainfall during the growing season significantly influenced dry matter yield (r = 0.86**), but had a negative impact on the marketable yield of white head cabbage (r = -0.90**). The highest amount of vitamin C (99.7 mg kg-1) in head of white cabbage and yield (5.4 kg ha-1) was observed after preceding crop residues had been treated with humic substances (10 l ha-1 of Humistar) and urea (40 kg ha-1) mixture. In this treatment was the highest sugar content and yield (5.8% and 3.4 kg ha-1). Most nitrate content was after preceding crop residues had been treated with urea (40 kg ha-1). With increasing marketable yield, increases the dry matter yield (r = 0.98 **), content of sugars (r = 0.41 *) and yield (r = 0.99 **) and nitrate content (r = 0.70**). Vitamin C content and yield increase when the marketable yield decline (respectively r = -0,83** and r = -0.42*). In the spring, higher contents of organic matter, humus, and nitrogen were observed in the soil after preceding crop residues (stubble and chopped straw) had been treated with humic substances and ammonium nitre (10 and 20 l ha-1 of Humistar and 50 kg ha-1 of ammonium nitre) and humic substances (10 and 20 l ha-1 of Humistar). The marketable yield increased when content of organic matter (r = 0.70), humus (0.87), nitrogen (r = 0.94) and mineral nitrogen (r = 0.84) in the soil increased.

Keywords: ammonium nitrate, white cabbages, biochemical composition, humistar.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_7_13.pdf


2.

Title: INVESTIGATION OF YELLOW SEEDED LINSEED MUTANTS IN THE COMPETITIVE VARIETIES TESTING TRIAL.

Author(s) of article (institution): Zofija Jankauskienė, Elvyra Gruzdevienė (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Upytė Experimental Station).

Reviewer (institution): Jolanta Margelienė (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences).

Abstract: The value of linseed and many possible applications of it for human wellbeing become more and more recognised. In 2014, at the Upytė Experimental Station of the LRCAF, Lithuania, yellow seeded (mutated from brown seeded) linseed breeding lines were investigated and compared to the standard linseed variety ‘Edita’ of Lithuanian origin. The aim of the investigations was to find the best promising breeding lines. The investigation showed that the duration of vegetation period (since full emergence to yellow ripening stage) for tested breeding lines was shorter (93–97 days) when compared to the standard ‘Edita’ (99 days). Only two breeding lines – Mikael 8b and Mikael 9a – outmeasured standard ‘Edita’ in the seed yield. But tested yellow seeded breeding lines were less resistant to lodging (8.2–8.7 points), had less capsules per plant, and were more sensitive to Pasmo disease. The tallest plants (respectivelly, 64.8 and 63.5 cm) were found in the plots of breeding lines Mikael 8b and Mikael IV-45, the most compacted flowering part (20.8 cm) was found in linseed of breeding line Mikael 10 a.

Keywords: breeding, linseed, mutation, yield.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_14_19.pdf


3.

Title: ROOTSTOCK B.396 INFLUENCE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF APPLE SPECIES.

Author(s) of article (institution): Donatas Klimavičius, Daiva Klimavičienė, Nijolė Jurkšaitienė (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Department of Environmental Engineering).

Reviewer (institution): Lina Pukaitė-Malinauskienė, The Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania.

Abstract: It was carried out research on tree growth and yield of apple cultivars ‘Auksis’, ‘Lodel’ and ‘Rajka’ with clonal dwarf rootstocks B.396 (RU) in the Practical training and testing laboratory’s orchard of Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Technology Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department. Orchard was established in the 2014 autumn with planting scheme 4×1 (2500 apple trees per ha) and pruning of slender spindle type trees. It was taken meteorological records: temperature and rainfall quantity, also evaluated variation of blooming and yield, fruit weight, shoots growth and stem diameter, resistance to scab (Venturia inaequalis) and apple blotch (Phyllosticta mali). Accordingly, it has been concluded that different apple varieties, depending on environmental factors vary in yield and tree growth.

Keywords: rootstock, environmental factors, tree growth, orchard yield.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_20_26.pdf


4.

Straipsnio pavadinimas: RESEARCH ON MORPHOLOGICAL AND DECORATIVE PROPERTIES OF TULIP CULTIVARS.

Author(s) of article (institution): Donatas Klimavičius, Daiva Klimavičienė, Nijolė Jurkšaitienė, Vilma Stanaitienė (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Department of Environmental Engineering).

Reviewer (institution): Lina Pukaitė-Malinauskienė (The Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania).

Abstract: 

In 2016, it was carried out research on 15 different tulip cultivar groups in the Practical training and testing laboratory’s orchard of Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Technology Faculty, Department of Environmental Engineering. Tulip bulbs were imported from The Netherlands and planted using planting scheme 15×15 (45 extra class bulbs per 1 m²) in 2015 autumn. It was evaluated soil fertility before planting bulbs. Bulbs were planted when soil temperature dropped to -9ºC and were covered 6 cm mulch layer of peat. It was taken meteorological records: temperature and rainfall quantity, also evaluated blooming time and duration, flower and petal color, flowering stem height, number, strength, trichome, leaf blade and their attributes. Accordingly, it has been concluded that different tulip cultivars vary in ornamental and morphological peculiarities and usage in greening environment. The research was carried out in cooperation with UAB „Nojus“.

Keywords: cultivar, bulb, morphology, introduction.

The number of pages: 9.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_27_35.pdf


5.

Title: EDUCATIONAL AREA IN THE XXI CENTURY: SCHOOLS AND KINDERGARTENS ENVIRONMENT.

Author(s) of article (institution): Jurga Kučinskienė (Klaipėda State College, Klaipėda university), Vida Gerikienė (Klaipėda State College).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Rita Nekrošienė (Botanical garden of Klaipėda university).

Abstract: Modern learning environment includes both physical and social aspects. The physical learning space is increasingly regarded as one of the most important factors to ensure the success of the educational institution’s activities, allowing students’ learning, knowledge creation and sharing. In this way, learning and outdoor space environment also influences the educational process. The learning environment developed in accordance with the functionality, modernity, aesthetics, ergonomics and human safety principles. However, the educational aspect is expressed weakly. Very little attention is paid to the environment in the educational field.

Keywords: kindergarten education institutions environment, high school environment, green spaces, learning spaces.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: technology.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_36_42.pdf


 

6.

Title: STRATIFICATION-TERM IMPACT ON ALLIUM URSINUM L. SEEDS OF FROZEN STATE.

Author(s) of article (institution): Regina Malinauskaitė, Aurelija Šaluchaitė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Agronomy faculty, Institute of Biologyand Plant Biotechnology).

Reviewer (institution): assoc.prof. dr. Jolanta Sinkevičienė, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Agronomy faculty.

Abstract: The goal of experiment was estimate the state and germination potential of wild garlic seeds in 2016. The seeds were purchase in the supermarket. The investigations were carry out in laboratory of Aleksandras Stulginskis University of Institute of Biology and Plant Biotechnology. After a month of freezing, and one and two weeks of stratification, the seeds did not germinate. They were germinated in different media (control – sand, moistened with distilled water, and experiment – sand, soaked with ionized water pH 8.6). Shorter stratification garlic seeds were more damage with fungus diseases by the end of the experiment, after 27 days, control lesions was 50.0% and the experiment – 45.0%. The seeds after two weeks of stratification were damage decreased to 28.3 (control) and 16.5% (pH 8.6). In all cases, the fungus induced damage, especially Penicillium spp. Ionized water suppressed Fusarium spp. on the seeds of wild garlic.

Keywords: wild garlic, cooling, stratification term, ionized water, germination, seed fungal diseases.

The number of pages: 5.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_43_47.pdf


7.

Title: PAGAN COSMOLOGY IN ART DESIGN OF THE LITHUANIAN PEASANTS WOODEN HOUSES AND ENVIRONMENT.

Author(s) of article (institution): Romualdas Misius (Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences, Technology faculty).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Aušra Vasiliauskienė, Vytautas Magnus University, Faculty of Arts.

Abstract: Lithuanian nation’s spiritual culture and living environment interaction reflections found in Balt religious traditions, cosmology, folklore and folk art. Pagan mythology and folklore bases formed in prehistory and is considered to be one of the most important Lithuanian narrative story – telling manifestations. Mythology, magic, religion and folk art – it is diverse and complex spiritual world components of our ancestors, that so far has failed to be fully investigated and are often simplistically interpreted. This paper briefly presents the main Balt folk mythology, cosmology, celestial signs and their symbolic meaning researchers; presents and describes the celestial bodies, the Earth, cosmological symbols groups and their use in wooden residential house design. The main housing facade and porch decor elements, their composition and key aspects are analysed; the connections between wooden dwelling house decoration items and the forms of flower beds, their compositions and fencing profile structures are identified. All visual interfaces are compared in the context of meaning.

Keywords: spiritual culture, folk cosmology, artistic decoration, symbolism.

The number of pages: 12.

Language: Lithuanian.

Field of sciences: technology.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_48_59.pdf



8.

Title: METHODS AND RESULTS OF ISOLATION OF MICROSCOPIC FUNGI FROM THE RHIZOSPHERE OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS.

Author(s) of article (institution): Antanina Stankevičienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Reviewer (institution): dr Vilija Snieškienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Abstract: Article presents the research data of microscopic fungi studies on rhizosphere of ornamental plants, carried out during 1989–2012 at Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University. Microscopic fungi were isolated by applying biological isolation method of pure cultures. The dependence between plant species, status, environmental conditions were assessed using analytical-theoretical research method during the mycological study (1989–‍2012) on rhizosphere of ornamental plants grown at Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University. Study disclosed the decreasing variety of fungi species and increasing detection frequency during vegetation stage of perennial plants (Dianthus caryophyllus). The long term growth at one substrata results plant root metabolite – diversity decreases, prevail species specific to species of this plant. The rudiments of pathogenic fungi are detected while the plant is still healthy. At the root zone of plants with over ground injuries (Abies balsamea, Picea sp., Thuja sp., Rhododendron spp., Dahlia sp., Paeonia spp.) grown at the outdoor collections there were detected pathogens: Fusarium spp., Botrytis cinerea, Phoma exiqua, etc.

Keywords: ornamental plants, microscopic fungi, rhizosphere.

The number of pages: 7.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_60_66.pdf



 

9.

Title: TREE STATUS AT CITY STREET PLANTATIONS AFTER THE FIRST YEAR OF PLANTING.

Author(s) of article (institution): Antanina Stankevičienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus university), Albinas Krugliakovas (Vytautas Magnus university Faculty of Nature sciences Department of Environmental Sciences).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Vilija Snieškienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus university).

Abstract: During the 2011–2016, the monitoring of woody plant status after one year after planting at protective street plantations at Kaunas and Alytus cities has identified 90.38% of plants to have injuries of physiological origin, 24% – fungal diseases (average damage grade – 0.02–0.77), 28.21% – pests (grade – 0–2.06). Most heavily were injured Aesculus hippocastanum ‘Baumannii’: injuries of physiological origin – 1.79±0.02, fungal diseases (Erysiphe flexuosa) – 0.89±0.03 and usual pests (Cameraria ohridella) – 2.06±0.03. Plants of 4 species were not injured: Acer campestre ‘Elsrijk’, A. platanoides ‘Eurostar’, A. sacharinum, Cotoneaster lucidus.

Keywords: protective street greenery, state, just planted trees.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_67_72.pdf


 

10.

Title: MONITORING OF GREEN PLANTATIONS CONDITION IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE FACULTY OF TECHNOLOGIES AT KAUNAS UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES .

Author(s) of article (institution):  Irena Tulabienė (Kaunas University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Technologies), Vilija Snieškienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Antanina Stankevičienė (Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University).

Abstract: In 2014, after the Faculty of Technologies was moved to Pramonės prospectus in Kaunas, there emerged a need to create environment of green plantations that not only would be decorative but also serve for educational purposes. In 2016, the state of green plantations in the environment of the faculty was examined: woody plants in flower gardens and in the park as well as plants in the garden. Phytosanitary state of 17 species of decorative woody plants as well as of 8 species and 9 cultivars of garden plants was assessed. Good meteorological conditions in the summer of 2016 had a positive impact to the plants, subsequently, majority of the plants examined were in a good state. Majority of diseases agents and pests were found on Tillia cordata, however, the damage made was insignificant.

Keywords: environment of the faculty, decorative woody plants, garden plants, condition.

The number of pages: 6.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: technology.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_73_78.pdf


 

11.

Title: THE INFLUENCE OF SEEDSPOR, HANSEBAC AND HANSESPOR TREATMENTS OF SCOTS PINE (PINUS SILVESTRIS L.) SEEDS AND SEEDLINGS.

Author(s) of article (institution): Regina Vasinauskienė, Gerda Šilingienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture).

Reviewer (institution): doc. dr. Janina Šepetienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University).

Abstract: The influence of Seedspor, Hansebac and Hansespor treatments on seeds and seedlings of Scots pine (Pinus silvestris) was analysed in Aleksandras Stulginskis University in institute of Forest Biology and silviculture in 2014–2015 m. The germination of seeds was evaluated in the Forest’s Seeds and Planting Quality Department. The ground germination of seeds was evaluated in Dubrava Forest Enterprise’s forest nursery. During the outdoors and laboratory researches it was detecting influence of different types of „SeedSpor“, „Hansebac“, „Hansespor“ treatment on Scots pine seeds and seedlings. The laboratory seeds germination after treating Hansespor were 2–4.25% lower compared with control. The ground seeds (not affected with Maximum Star) germination after treating Hansebac were 17% highest compared with control. The highest influence on main biometrical data of Scots pine seedlings were after treating with SeedSpor + Hansespor. The diameters of seedlings were 30.3%, the seedlings higher were 6.5% and the main roots length was 21.2% highest comparing with control. According to the analysis of seeds treatment, it was detected that the most positive influence on Scot pine seedlings were after treating with Hansespor.

Keywords: Scot pine, seeds, different types of treating by SeedSpor, Hansebac, Hansespor.

The number of pages: 10.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: biomedicine.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_79_88.pdf


12.

Title: CONTROL OF PESTS IN THE SUGAR BEET CROP USING THE DAMP WATER STEAM.

Author(s) of article (institution): Regina Vasinauskienė (Aleksandras Stulginskis University Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture, Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology), Zita Brazienė (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Rumokai Research Station).

Reviewer (institution): dr. Vilma Žėkaitė (Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry Perloja Research Station).

Abstract: In 2012–2013 the experiments of control of weeds and foliar fungal diseases were carried out using the damp water steam in Rumokai experimental station of Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry. Based on the research data, weeds in sugar beet crop were destroyed most effectively by damp water steam, which was used 3 times during beet vegetation and combined with manual weed removal. After applying the damp water steam for 2 times, the amount of weeds and air-dry mass was almost the same as after applying the chemical weed control. Dump water steam reduced the development of fungal diseases in sugar beet crop. After the treatment of sugar beet crop with wet water steam for 3 times the severity of Cercospora and Ramularia leaf spots in the end of September were 58.8–78.9% and 51.7–52.0% less than in the chemically treated plots.

Keywords: damp water steam, sugar beets, weeds, foliar fungal diseases.

The number of pages: 8.

Language: lithuanian.

Field of sciences: agriculture.

URL: http://www.zak.lt/mokslo_darbai/2017_89_96.pdf